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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).
What are some clincial descriptions of "obsessions"?
Thoughts, images, or urges.
Intrusive and/or nonsensical
Cause significant distress or anxiety
Attempts to resist or eliminate
OCD. What are clincial descriptions of "Compulsions"?
Usually behaviors but also mental acts
Performed in an attempt to suppress obsessions & prevent a feared outcome
Provide temporary relief
What are the four major types of symptoms of OCD (obsessions)?
- 1) Symmetry (26.7%)
- 2) Forbidden thoughts or actions (21%)
- -sexual, religion, aggression
- 3) Cleaning/contamination (15.9%)
- 4) Hoarding (15.4%)
OCD. Prevalance. Is it more prevalent in females or males?
Onset for female/male?
Can it be reversed in childhood?
Can be reversed in childhood.
Onset: females- age 20-24, men-13-15
Of obsessions and compulsions, which needs symmetry?
What percentage has multiple obsessions?
60% have multiple obsession.
OCD. Comorbidity. Does comorbidity of OCD typically have poor or strong treatment outcomes?
What are some causes of OCD?
- Early life experiences & learning
- Thoughts are dangerous/unacceptable
- Thought-action fusion
- Exaggerated responsibility
What are some OCD treatments?
SSRIs (60% benefit)
Last resort: neurosurgery