Psych.ch.5.Exam2

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Author:
xiongav
ID:
110758
Filename:
Psych.ch.5.Exam2
Updated:
2011-10-20 21:32:39
Tags:
Anxiety Disorders OCD
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Description:
Anxiety.Disorders.OCD
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  1. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

    What are some clincial descriptions of "obsessions"?
    Thoughts, images, or urges.

    Intrusive and/or nonsensical

    Cause significant distress or anxiety

    Attempts to resist or eliminate
  2. OCD. What are clincial descriptions of "Compulsions"?
    Usually behaviors but also mental acts

    Performed in an attempt to suppress obsessions & prevent a feared outcome

    Provide temporary relief
  3. What are the four major types of symptoms of OCD (obsessions)?
    • 1) Symmetry (26.7%)
    • 2) Forbidden thoughts or actions (21%)
    • -sexual, religion, aggression
    • 3) Cleaning/contamination (15.9%)
    • 4) Hoarding (15.4%)
  4. OCD. Prevalance. Is it more prevalent in females or males?

    Onset for female/male?

    Can it be reversed in childhood?
    Females.

    Can be reversed in childhood.

    Onset: females- age 20-24, men-13-15
  5. Of obsessions and compulsions, which needs symmetry?

    What percentage has multiple obsessions?
    Obsessions.

    60% have multiple obsession.
  6. OCD. Comorbidity. Does comorbidity of OCD typically have poor or strong treatment outcomes?
    poor.
  7. What are some causes of OCD?
    Biological vulnerability.

    Psychological vulnerabilities:

    • Early life experiences & learning
    • Thoughts are dangerous/unacceptable
    • Thought-action fusion
    • Exaggerated responsibility
  8. What are some OCD treatments?

    Medications
    antidepressants

    SSRIs (60% benefit)

    Last resort: neurosurgery

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