Chapter 4-6 Social Psy

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paco
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11085
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Chapter 4-6 Social Psy
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2010-03-18 07:24:08
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Mental Health
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  1. _____ are beliefs about the traits or characteristics that particular social groups are thought to share.

    a)Discriminations

    b)Stereotypes

    c)Schemata

    d)Prejudices

    e)Recategorizations
    b)Stereotypes
  2. _____ is the classical conditioning of attitudes by exposure to stimuli that are below an individual's threshold of awareness.

    a)Operant conditioning

    b)Instrumental conditioning

    c)Subliminal conditioning

    d)Social conditioning

    e)Awareness conditioning
    c)Subliminal conditioning
  3. The _____ is based on the observation that offering people small rewards for engaging in behaviors that are opposed to their true attitudes produces greater attitudinal changes than does offering them large rewards.

    a)the peripheral route to persuasion

    b)less-leads-to-more effect

    c)attitude ambivalence effect

    d)the central route to persuasion

    e)instrumental conditioning effect
    b)less-leads-to-more effect
  4. Persuasion can occur in either of two ways that differ in terms of _____.

    a)the amount of resistance people have

    b)the amount of cognitive processing involved

    c)the level of cognitive dissonance produced

    d)the level of fear evoked by the effort to persuade

    e)the degree to which people are forewarned of the effort to change their attitudes or behaviors
    b)the amount of cognitive processing involved
  5. suggests that our decisions to engage in particular behaviors is the result of a rational process.

    a)The theory of reasoned action

    b)The spreading of alternatives

    c)The attitude-to-behavior process model

    d)The elaboration likelihood model

    e)The systematic processing theory
    The theory of reasoned action
  6. _____ occurs when a group of individuals collectively misunderstands what attitudes others hold, and erroneously believes that others have different attitudes than those of the group.

    a) Attitude ambivalence

    b) Pluralistic ignorance

    c) Attitude accessibility

    d) Biased assimilation

    e)Social comparison
    b) Pluralistic ignorance
  7. The _____ allows us to protect ourselves from unwanted or unflattering views of ourselves.

    a) the identity function of attitudes

    b) self-esteem function of attitudes

    c) impression motivation function of attitudes

    d) ego-defensive function of attitudes

    e) the knowledge function of attitudes
    d) ego-defensive function of attitudes
  8. Our attitudes toward an object can become more positive because we have previously seen the object. This is known as _____.

    a) spreading of alternatives

    b) the identity function

    c) the persuasion function

    d) the knowledge function

    e) the mere exposure effect
    e) the mere exposure effect
  9. _____ is a basic form of learning in which a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to evoke a reaction originally evoked by a different stimulus.

    a) Operant conditioning

    b) Social learning

    c) Classical conditioning

    d) Observational learning

    e) Instrumental conditioning
    c) Classical conditioning
  10. Stereotype threat causes decrements in performance, possible because ____________.
    A. Stereotype threat decreases performance motivation
    B. Stereotype threat increases rater bias
    C. Stereotype threat increases anxiety
    D. Stereotype threat enhances performance
    E. Stereotype threat decreases stress
    C. Stereotype threat increases anxiety
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The process of comparing our own performance to that of someone who is less capable is known as downward social comparison.
    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  12. When Karen was recently asked to describe herself to her classmates, she spoke about being a student and a member of her class. She pointed out the similarities and differences between herself and her fellow students. Karen was primarily making ____________ comparisons.
    A. Instrumental group
    B. Intragroup
    C. Individual
    D. Intergroup
    E. Extragroup
    B. Intragroup
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. One basic form of learning that helps to form our attitudes occurs when a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to cause reactions that were originally caused by another stimulus. This type of learning is known as ________________.

    A. The Premack Principle
    B. Signal relations learning
    C. Classical conditioning
    D. Operant conditioning
    E. Observational learning
    C. Classical conditioning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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