Brad\'s Exam 2 pt. 1.txt

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coreygloudeman
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Brad\'s Exam 2 pt. 1.txt
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2011-10-21 13:26:09
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Crafton Hills College resp 131 Brad Exam pt
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Crafton Hills College resp 131 Brad's Exam 2 pt. 1
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  1. Low pH of plasma. An abnormal buil-up of hydrogen ions in the blood.
    Acidemia
  2. A pH less than normal.
    Acidosis
  3. Ordering frequency abbreviations Q2, Q4, Qid, Bid, Tid, QD etc.
    Q2: Every two, Q4: Every four, Qid: Every four times a day, Bid: Twice a day, Tid: Three times a day, QD: Every day or once a day QID=4x/day,TID 3x/day,BID=2x/day, QOD=1 everyother day, Q4h=every 4 hours
  4. High pH of plasma. An abnormal decrease in they hydrogen ion concentration of the blood.
    Alkalemia
  5. A pH elevated above normal.
    Alkalosis
  6. Occurs when the portion of the tidal volume (VT) that does not come into contact with blood flow is increased.
    Dead Space Ventilation
  7. Abnormal elevation of PaCO2.
    Hypercapnia
  8. Abnormal elevation of arterial CO2 levels.
    Hypercarbnia
  9. Abnormal decrease of PaCO2.
    Hypocapnia
  10. Abnormal decrease of arterial CO2 levels.
    Hypocarbnia
  11. An abnormal reduction in the partial pressure of O2 in the arterial blood.
    Hypoxemia
  12. A lack of oxygen.
    Hypoxia
  13. A decrease in pH resulting from elevation of the arterial PCO2.
    Respiratory Acidosis
  14. An increase in pH from a desrease in arterial PCO2.
    Respiratory Alkalosis
  15. The maximum amount of air the patient exhales after a fall, deep inspiration.
    Forced Vital Capacity
  16. Adding two or more of the lung volumes together results in _________.
    Lung Capacity
  17. Are clinically useful measurements of lung function such as VT, IRV, or ERV.
    Lung Volumes
  18. The vlume of air inhaled or exhaled in 1 min.
    Minute Volume (VE)
  19. A piece of equipment that measures a patient's airflows and volumes of gas moved over time.
    Spirometer
  20. Apiece of equipment that measures a patient's airflows and volumes of gas moved over time and is capable of displaying the information in graphic form.
    Spirograph
  21. The tracing produced by a spirograph.
    Spirogram
  22. These studies provide vital Info. about the patient's cardiopulmonary status. They measure the ability of the lungs to put O2 into, and remove CO2 from, the blood.
    Arterial blood gas
  23. In the ABG test this is also analyzed. is often important to evaluate in the patient w/ cardiopulmonary disease.
    Acid-Base status
  24. What is the common site where and ABG is drawn?
    radial artery
  25. How do you transport and ABG?
    in an ice bath
  26. What must be removed from the blood sample before it is sent for analysis?
    air bubbles
  27. How long should you compress the site from and ABG draw?
    5-10mins
  28. means the partial pressure of O2 in the arterial blood.
    PaO2
  29. reflects the ability of the lungs to allow the transfer of O2 from the enviroment to the circulating blood.
    PaO2
  30. will be affected with diffusion defect and by overall hypoventilation and may lead to hypoxemia
    PaO2
  31. is a PaO2 below the predicted or normal range
    Hypoxemia
  32. Means SaO2
    Oxygen saturation
  33. is an index of the actual amount of O2 bound to hemoglobin expressed as a percentage of the total capacity and can be determined only from a co-oximeter.
    SaO2
  34. What is CaO2
    Arterial oxygen content
  35. is a function of the amount of oxygen bound to hemoglobin and dissolved in the plasma.
    CaO2
  36. O2 assesment involves two basic steps.
    The measurement provided by ABGs and the patient's tissue oxygenation status.
  37. O2 in the blood i primarily bound to?
    Hb
  38. A smaller portion of O2 compaired to the Hb is carried by?
    Blood plasma
  39. SaO2 represents what?
    the amount of O2 bound to Hb
  40. Is the measurement of the pressure or tention of oxygen in the plasma of the arterial blood,
    PaO2
  41. PaO2 reflects the ability of the lungs to allow the transfer of O2 from the enviroment to _______?
    the circulatting blood
  42. Normal PaO2 is based on three things, what are they?
    Barometric pressure, Age, and FiO2
  43. As age increases the efficientcy of the lungs to oxygenate the blood is ___?
    reduced
  44. The Formula for PaO2.
    FiO2(PB-PH2O)-(PaCO2X1.25)
  45. One of the causes of hypoxemia, occurs in most patientswhen th inhaled gas does not match up with pulmonary cpillary blood flow.
    V/Q mismatch

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