Med Surg Test 3.txt

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Med Surg Test 3.txt
2011-10-21 13:28:35

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  1. Spongy center of bone where RBSs and platelets are made?
    Bone marrow
  2. Removes old blood cells from circulation?
  3. Hemostatis is�
    control of bleeding
  4. Life span of platelet
    10 days
  5. Mission of endocrine system
    maintain homeostasis
  6. Name one symptom of diabetes insipidus
    excessive urination and thirst
  7. What does acromegaly have in excess
    growth hormone
  8. What does thyroid gland play major role in
    regulating rate of metabolism
  9. Exopthalmous is a sign of what disease
  10. Why are antithyroid drugs given prior to a thyroidectomy?
    Prevent thyroid storms
  11. Which lab tests are for thyroid problems?
  12. What is increased glucose called?
  13. Type I diabetes is absent of that?
    Endogenous insulin
  14. Which diabetes in more common in adult? I or II?
  15. What is polydipsia?
    Excessive thirst
  16. TSH would be increased or decreased with hypothyroidism?
  17. Pt receiving blood starts wheezing, stop blood, open saline, then?
    Raise head of bed
  18. Does bone marrow become more or less productive in elderly?
  19. Pt is giving EPO. How long before we see effects?
    Two days
  20. Name some foods for iron deficiency
    Beans, dry fruit
  21. Pt remarks she bruises easily and is tired. What would be ask her?
    Do your gums bleed?
  22. Two symptoms of thrombocytopenia?
    Petechaie/bleeding gums
  23. Growth hormone is given until patient reaches what height?
  24. Blood transfusion should begin within how long after blood gets to floor?
    30 minutes
  25. Most common type of hyperthyroidism?
    Graves Disease
  26. Another name for thyroid storm?
  27. How many units of blood can be given at a time?
  28. Explain why people with hyperthyroidism don�t tolerate the heat?
    Due to increased metabolism
  29. What insulin is given IV?
  30. What do you do if patient blood sugar is 73 as fasting and breakfast isn�t for another three hours?
    Give snack
  31. Good nursing diagnosis for hematological patient?
    Activity intolerance
  32. Pt having pituitary removed should avoid?
    Anything that would increase intercranial pressure which can disrupt surgical site.
  33. Orthostatic hypotension is a risk for a patient with Addisons disease? T/F
  34. Name two symptoms of thyroid problems?
    Tired, weight gain, loss muscle, aches, pain, constipation
  35. What does aldosterone regulate?
    Excretion of K+ and NA
  36. In Addison�s disease, androgen levels are decreased in prepubescent patient; therefore there will be an increase or decrease of body hair?
  37. In severe adrenal crisis, name two symptoms?
    Hypotension and tachycardia, dehydration, confusion, hyponatremia
  38. Clinical manifestations (hallmark findings) of patient with cushing disease.
    Excess adipose tissue on trunk, slender extremities, moon face
  39. A patient with hyperpituitarism may have disturbed self image due to
    Height (gigantism)
  40. Labs to diagnose thyroid difficulties?
  41. What is Calcimar
  42. What does Calcitonin do?
    Inhibits release of calcium from bones
  43. How does hypocalcemia affect the cardiac output?
    Decreases contractility of heart muscle
  44. Exercise is important part of the type I diabetic but too much can cause the blood sugar to�
  45. Name two signs and symptoms of low blood sugar
    Nervousness, irritable, confused, dizziness
  46. What is neuropathy?
    Nerve damage; poor circulation due to blood vessel damage
  47. What does ACTH stand for?
    Adrenocorticotropic hormone
  48. Low levels of ACTH indicates that the pituitary is at fault. T/F
  49. Name one factor how type I and II are alike?
    Both have blood sugar issues, both have malfunctioning pancreas
  50. How are I and II different?
    Beta cells destroyed no insulin in type I and type II does not make insulin