Ch3 Anatomy & Physiology

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Ch3 Anatomy & Physiology
2011-10-21 15:30:55

Anatomy & Physiology
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  1. Define Anatomy
    The study of the ograns and systems of the body.
  2. Define Physiology
    The study of the functions these organs and systems preform.
  3. Gross Anatomy
    The study of structures that can be seen with the naked eye.
  4. Histology:
    The study of structures to small to be seen except through a microscope.
  5. (a)__ make up (b)__ and tissues make up (c)__ and organs make up (d)__.
    • (a) Cells
    • (b) Tissuses
    • (c) Organs
    • (d) Systems
  6. What is the definition of a cell?
    The basic units of living matter (life)
  7. List & Define 3 basic parts of a Cell
    • 1) Nucluas- Contorl center of the cell
    • 2) Cytoplasm- Production department where of th cells activities take place.
    • 3) Cell Membrane- Outer surface of cell, which encloses the protoplasm.
  8. What is protoplasm?
    Gel like substance containing water, salt, and nutrients obtained from food.
  9. What is the chemical process in which cells recieve nutrents for cell growth & reproduction?
  10. Anabolism:
    The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones. (phase of matabolism)
  11. Catabolism:
    The precess of breaking down larger molecules/substances into smaller ones. (phase of matabolism)
  12. Epithelial Tissue
    Covers & protects body serfaces & internal organs (primary types of tissuses)
  13. Connective Tissuse
    That supports, protects, and holds body together (primary types of tissuses)
  14. Nerve Tissuse
    Coordinates body functions in addition to carrying messages to & from brain & spinal cord. (primary types of tissuses)
  15. Muscular Tissuse
    Contracts, when stimulated, to protuce motion. (primary types of tissuses)
  16. Liquid Tissuse
    Carries food, waste products & hormones. (primary types of tissuses)
  17. What is a body organ?
    Separate body stuctures that preform specific functions.
  18. Brain:
    Controls all body functions (1 of 8 important organ of the body)
  19. Eyes:
    Controls vision (2 of 8 important organ of the body)
  20. Heart:
    Circulates blood (3 of 8 important organ of the body)
  21. Lungs:
    supply blood with oxygen (4 of 8 important organ of the body)
  22. Stomache & Intestines:
    Digest food (5 of 8 important organ of the body)
  23. Liver:
    Removes toxic byproducts of digestion (6 of 8 important organ of the body)
  24. Kindneys:
    Eliminates water and waste products (7 of 8 important organ of the body)
  25. Skin:
    Body's largest organ, forms external protective layer of the body (8 of 8 important organ of the body)
  26. What is a body system?
    A group of body stuctures &/or organs that together preform one or more vital functions for the body.
  27. Skeletal System:
    Provides framework of body (1 of 10 main body systems)
  28. Muscular System:
    Moves bady (2 of 10 main body systems)
  29. Circulatory System:
    Circulates blood through the body (3 of 10 main body systems)
  30. Nervous System:
    Send & recieves body messages (4 of 10 main body systems)
  31. Digestive System:
    Supplies food to body (5 of 10 main body systems)
  32. Excretory System:
    Eliminates waste from body (6 of 10 main body systems)
  33. Respiratory System:
    Controls breathing of body (7 of 10 main body systems)
  34. Endorcrine System:
    Controls growth & gerneral health & reproduction of the body (8 of 10 main body systems)
  35. Reproductive System:
    Allows living organisms to procreate other of its kind (9 of 10 main body systems)
  36. Integumentary System:
    Controls sebaceous (oil) & sudoriferious (sweat) glands (10 of 10 main body systems)
  37. Define Osteology:
    The study of bones.
  38. Bone is the hardest sturucture of the body with the composition that is (a)__ matter & (b)__ matter.
    • (a) 2/3 Mineral
    • (b) 1/3 Organic
  39. Define Myology:
    The studies of muscles.
  40. Anterior:
    In front of.
  41. Posterior:
    Behind or in back of.
  42. Superioris:
    Above or larger.
  43. Inferioris:
    Below or smaller.
  44. Levetor:
    Lifts up.
  45. Depressor:
    Draws down on or depresses.
  46. Dialator:
    Opens, enlarges or expands.
  47. Cardiovascular/Bloodvascular:
    Responsible for the circulation of blood includes heart, arteries, veins, & cappillaries. (1 of 2 Divisions of Circulatory System)
  48. Lymph-Vascular:
    Resposable for the circulation of lymph through lymph glands, nodes, & vessels. (2 of 2 Divisions of Circulatory System)
  49. Define Neurology:
    The study of the nervous system.
  50. What are the primary componants of the nervous system?
    Brain, Spinal Cord, & Nerves
  51. What are the 3 subsystems of the nervous system?
    • 1) Central or Cerebrospinal Nervous System
    • 2) Peripheral Nervous System
    • 3) Autonomic or Sympathetic Nervous System
  52. What is the function of the digestive system?
    Breaks down food into simpiler chemical compounds that can easily be absorbed by cells or eliminated from body in form of waste products.
  53. List the 2 primary functions of the respetory system.
    • 1) Intake of oxygen to be absorbed into blood.
    • 2) Exhalation of oxygens toxic biproduct, carbon dioxide.
  54. Why is nose breathing healthier then mouth breathing?
    Because nose contains mucus membrains that fillter out dust & dirt & also warms inhailed air.
  55. What areth 2 primary duct glands of the endocrine system?
    Sebatious & Sudoriferious
  56. How do ductless glands of the endocrine system function?
    They regulate & control the growth reproduction & health of the body.
  57. How do the ductless glands of the endocrine system affect the body?
    Carefully balanced mechanism that directly affects hair growth, skin conditions & energy levels.