Neapolitan Baroque

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Neapolitan Baroque
2010-03-18 15:04:04
Neapolitan Baroque

Neapolitan Baroque
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  1. Palazzo Reale, 1600 by Fontana - Naples

    • -exiled from Rome, so he came to Naples
    • -monotonous building in the Baroque
    • -royal palace
    • -intended to host Spanish king
    • -impressive engineering
    • -faces the sea (Naples = on the ocean)
    • -known for its harbour during the Baroque
    • -material is darker, Tufo stone, red not the white we see in Rome
    • -doesn't agree well with carving and facade of architecture
    • -ceremonial staircase
  2. Monumental Staircase at Palazzo Reale, 1600 by Fontana - Naples
  3. S. Martino Cloister, 1623 by Cosimo Fanzago - Naples

    • -principal architect of religious buildings in and around Naples
    • -charterhouse monestary
    • -above city looking down into the bay of Naples
    • -design fuses art and architecture on a *grand scale*
  4. Palazzo Serra di Cassano, 1750 by Ferdinando Sanfelice - Naples
  5. Palazzo Reale di Caserta,1752 by Luigi Vanvitelli - Naples

    • -royal summer palace
    • - if Naples is the "Paris of the South" this is Versailles
    • -Bourbon family (Charles III of Naples)
    • -architect won the biggest commission of the 18th century
    • -social and political model from Versailles
    • -Is it still baroque? (completed after the end of the period)
    • -probably is, due to grandeur and enormity
    • -largest palace in italy
    • -vestibule inspired by Santa Maria della Salute
    • -imperial staircase:
    • -characterized by a series of staircases
    • -reaches the Piano Nobile
    • -enormous carved lions at the base of first flight
  6. Palazzo Reale di Caserta,1752 by Luigi Vanvitelli - Naples

    • -incredibly large, 45min to walk
    • -filled with illusions to the virtue of the family
    • -large aqueduct (aqueduct Carlino)
    • -built to bring water to the gardens
    • -confirms his engineering abilities
    • -considered to be a great wonder in the 18th century
    • -open to public
  7. -stacking: the way baroque architects are pushing one thing inside another
    inside another, making them smaller as they go to create movement
    -ex: multiple pediments = structurally unnecessary
    -composition has an elasticity
    -incorporates the use of curves- an important quality of this period, not found as
    much in the mannerist period and other earlier periods
    -curves create gestures of welcome, totally counter reformation
    -symbolism reveals patronage
    -magnificent stone portico which bulges forward
    -shifting planes of the façade that suggest a doughy texture
    -allusion creates a sense of the building being deeper and richer than it actually is
    -spatial layering and chiaroscuro lighting effects
    -nesting instinct (one thing packed inside another)
    -quality of exuberance in it that we don’t quite find in the north
    -facade casting shadows
    -site: relationship between the building and its surroundings
    -CR: drawing people in, pilgrims, bowling them over
    -brilliant white Travertine of Rome
    -darker stone in the North