Recognize the concept of the “Jesus as Israel” typology. (See slides 69-70 for the diagram)
The people of God narrow down from all of Israel, to the purified remnant within Israel, the the single figure of the Servant and Son of Man, who in the case of the former embodies the suffering and judgement of the nation, and in the latter embodies the rebirth of the nation as the saints of the most high, the new humanity. This prophetic expectation is fulfilled in Jesus, who embodies the destiny of Israel within himself. He then delegates that role to the 12, who represent the new Israel, now including both Jews and Gentiles. (The 70, the early church- 3,000..., The Church- the body of Christ). A careful definition of typology is required. A repetitive pattern in God’s ways. Many OT passages find a meaning beyond what the original author intended. These texts “prophesy”, then a later fulfillment takes place. Jesus was the originator of a new reading of the OT through which Israel’s history of Exodus and return from exile is re‐enacted in him.