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2011-10-23 00:34:22


A&P Chp. 1 definitions.
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  1. Anatomy
    The study of the structure of an organism and the relationships of its parts.
  2. Physiology
    The study of the functions of living organisms.
  3. Dissection
    Cutting technique used to separate body parts for study.
  4. Pathology
    The scientific study of disease.
  5. Organization
    The characteristic of the body of being organized, that is, structured in different levels of complexity and coordinated function.
  6. Disease
    Any significant abnormality in the body's structure or function that disrupts a person's vital function or physical, mental, or social well-bring.
  7. Chemical Level
    The level of the body's organization that includes atoms and molecules. The chemical substances that make up the body's structure.
  8. Cell
    The smallest "living" units of structure and function in our bodies.
  9. Tissues
    An organization of many cells that act together to perform a common function. More complex than cells.
  10. Organs
    A group of several different kinds of tissues arranged so that they can act together as a unit to perform a special function. More complex than tissues.
  11. Systems
    An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged so that they can perform a special function. Most complex units that make up the body.
  12. Anatomical poistion
    The standard neutral reference position for the body used to describe sites or motions of various body parts; gives meaning to directional terms.
  13. Supine
    The body is laying face upward.
  14. Prone
    The body is laying face downward.
  15. Superior
    "Toward the head." "Upper or above."
  16. Inferior
    "Towards the feet." "Lower or below."
  17. Anterior
    "front" or "in front of"
  18. Posterior
    "back" or "in back of"
  19. Medial
    "Towards the midline of the body."
  20. Ventral
    "Toward the belly"
  21. Lateral
    "Toward the side of the body" or "away from its midline"
  22. Proximal
    "toward or nearest the trunk of the body or nearest the point of origin of one of its parts.
  23. Distal
    "Away from or farthest from the trunk or the point of origin of a body part.
  24. Superficial
    Nearer the surface.
  25. Deep
    Farther away from the body surface.
  26. Sagittal Plane
    A lengthwise plane running from front to back. It divides the body and any of its parts into right and left sides.
  27. Frontal Plane (Coronal)
    Lengthwise plane running from side to side. Divides the body into posterior and anterior.
  28. Transverse Plane
    Horizontal or crosswise plane. Divides the body into upper and lower portions.
  29. Ventral Body Cavity
    Includes the thoracic cavity (chest), mediastinum, right and left pleural cavities. Lower part includes the abdominal and pelvic cavitiy aka abdominopelvic cavity.
  30. Diaphragm
    Muscular sheet that is the physical partition separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. Most important muscle for breathing.