Chemistry Acids and Bases
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Names of Bases end in Hydroxide
Have sour taste; form acid solutions; release hydrogen ions when desolved in water; turns litmus red and universal indicator from red to yellow
Neutralise acid solutions; have soapy feel and bitter taste;turn litmus blue and univeral indicator from blue to violet
water soluble base
Measures the acidity or basic-ness of a substance. It is a scale that ranges from 0-14 with 0 being a stronger acid and 14 being a strong base and 7 being a neutral substance
Reactions with acid and metals/metal compounds
most reactions form metal salts to write the name of a metal salt we take the metal used then add the modified name of the acid used, eg when HCl is used we get a metal chloride, when Nitric acid is used we get a metal nitrate, when sulphuric acid is used we get metal sulphate, and when ethanoic acid is used we get metal ethanoate
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