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- Emphasizes the relathionship among all living things
- treats the whole person
- preventative strategies, lifestyle changes
- Optimal wellness
2 different prespective
- Biomedical prespective
- Allopathy: conventional medication is refered to allopathy, a term used to indicate medical practice that treats disease with remedies that counteract the effects of the disease.
- Conventional west medicine/treatments
- Treats pathologies and symptoms
- Disease focused
expands the patient encounter to include methods of enhancing the person's resistance to illness( eg. rest, fluid, nutritional counseling, reduction of aggravating behaviros, stress management). Holism emphasizes the need to change lifstyle behaviors that increase vulerability to illness. Holistic treatment is complete when the person has healed into his best possible state of wellness, understand why the illness occured.
- is a method of treating a disorder, ex. therapeutic touch, antibiotics.
- Complimentary modality: is a treatment that is used together with traditional medical care.
- Alternative modality: is used instead of tranditional medical care.
Compare and contrast complementary, alternative, inegrative and allopathic health care
- An alternative modality is one that is used instead of another. A client may choose alternative therapy instead of seeking traditional healthcare.
- ● A complementary modality is one that is used in conjunction with another therapy. It may be used in conjunction with alternative therapy or in combination with traditional healthcare.
- ● Integrative healthcare refers to coordinated care that encompasses all treatments and health practices used by a patient.
- Allopathic healthcare: conventional medicine, remedies.
Placebo effect as related to holistic care
- Placebo response: occurs as a result of the patient's expectation that a treatment will be effective. The stronger a person's beelief in treatment efficacy, the stronger the placebo effect.
- In holistic care, treatment outcomesare enhanced if the practitioner and the patient believe that the treatment will be effective and if the practitioner establishes an empathetic and supportive relationship with the patient
- Practitioners teach patients to strengthen their intent to heal by focusing thier minds to influence the course of illness and recovery. Techniques such as visual imager, affirmations, and rlaxation technqies enhance treatment oucomes becuase the mind and body funtion as a unit. Holistic healers believe that all healing is self-healing, and the placebo response demostrate this natural phenomenon.
5 types of CAM
- Alternative systems of medical practice
- ● Mind–body interventions
- ● Biologically based therapies
- ● Manipulative and body-based methods
- ● Energy therapies
What are the most commonly used types of CAM?
- dietary, mindbody interventions(prayer) and relaxation. 10 CAM listed exluding prayer.
- 17.0% — Non-vitamin, non-mineral natural products
- 12.7% — Deep breathing exercises
- 9.4% — Meditation
- 8.6% — Chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation
- 8.3% — Massage
- 6.1% — Yoga
- 3.6% — Diet-based therapies
- 2.9% — Progressive relaxation
- 2.2% — Guided imagery
- 1.8% — Homeopathic treatment (Barnes, Bloom, & Nahin, 2008)
1.Alternative Medical systems
- Ayurveda: the traditional healthcare system of India, which aims to improve health by harmonizing mind and body. Harmful - contain lead, mercury and arsenic.
- Naturopathy: system of healing based on the healing power of nature. the philosophy and practice of healing that relies primarily on the use of nutrition, herbal remedies, homeopathy, massage, and counseling to promote wellness and healthy lifestyles. Other modalities used include such disciplines as aromatherapy, color therapy, traditional Chinese medicine, and iridology.
- Acupuncture: a Chinese therapy involving the application of extremely fine needles to specific sites in the body
- Homeopathy: a natural form of medicine based on an understanding of how the body heals itself and an acceptance that all symptoms represent the body's attempt to restore itself to health
- Traditional Chinese Medicine: a medical practice that views each person as having his own balance of yin and yang energies and makes use of the five elements of earth, water, wood, fire, and air/metal.
2. Mind body interventions
- Biofeedback: requires special traning. a technique that involves using a person's brain to control involuntary bodily processes
3. Biology-Based Methods
- Dietary therapies
4. Body-based methods
5. Energy Therapies
- Therapeutic Touch
- T'ai Chi
- Pranic Healing
- Magnet Therapy
HOw alternative and complementary therapies can be incorporated into nursing practice?
- You can and should, facilitate comunication about CAM between your patients and theri healthcare providers
- You can use self-care practice to promote your own health and wholeness
- You, can with minimal training, use some of the less comples CAM therapeis an independet nursing inteventions.