Psych Life Span

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Psych Life Span
2011-10-23 09:17:30

life span study
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  1. zygote
    fertilized egg
  2. habituation
    • Habituation is a decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated presentations
    • How babies learn
  3. Theory of Mind
    attributing thoughts and feelings to other people other than themselves. a theory because there are no outward signs that people have other knowledge. we are guessing their thoughts and emotions
  4. temperament
    • erikson
    • easy, difficult, slow to warm up
    • basic trust
  5. personal fable
    • egotistical development of teens
    • "i am unique and special"
  6. imaginary audience
    "everyone is looking at me"
  7. maturation
  8. teratogen
    the bad stuff that can get to the baby through the placenta
  9. fluid intellegence
    • quick thinking intelligence
    • perceive relationships independent of previous specific practice or instruction concerning those relationships.
  10. crystallized intelligence
    • knowledge that comes from prior learning and past experiences.
    • include reading comprehension and vocabulary exams.
    • based upon facts and rooted in experiences.
  11. rooting intelligence
    when the baby turns its head toward touch or sound (helps with breastfeeding)
  12. accommodation
    Fitting new info into your schema
  13. assimilation
    • Try to interpret information within a certain schema
    • example: you see moose and think "cow"
  14. Schema
    Schemas are categories of knowledge that help us to interpret and understand the world.

    both a category of knowledge and the process of obtaining that knowledge.

    If the child's sole experience has been with small dogs, a child might believe that all dogs are small, furry,
  15. Gender typing
    • making distinctions made between males, females
    • social learning theory--watch the people around them to assign characteristics to genders.
    • By age 5, a child now has the ability to gender type by observing beavior, traits and tools used by men and women
  16. Social Clock
    • a cultural specific timetable for events to occur
    • Events include marriage, having children, etc
  17. Alzhemiers
    • Underlying symptom is the deterioration of the
    • neurotransmitter that produces ACH Acytecolon.
    • Shriveled neurons that produce ACH
    • Plaque build-up in the brain
  18. Conservation
    • quantity is the same despite the shape of container its in
    • part of Piaget's Operational Thought Stage
    • concrete thinking
  19. authoritarian parenting
    • Those are the rules—“because I said so”—hit the kids if need to
    • Kids develop low self-esteem, not very motivated
  20. Authoritative
    • Both demanding but sensitive, rules are talked about “I expect you make good grades in school because…”
    • Most effective type
  21. permissive
    • Not strict—they’re lenient—not as much structure—not using punishment
    • Children become aggressive
  22. Sensorimotor Stage
    • experience our life through our senses
    • Object permanence—awareness that things exist even when you can’t see them.
    • Around 8 months old
  23. Formal Operational Stage
    • characterized by abstract thinking
    • By the time of 12 thinking expands from concrete thinking to abstract thinking
  24. Preoperational Thought
    • occurs from 4-7
    • the child begins to go beyond recognizing and is able to use words and images to refer to objects
    • begins to learn that they are capable of physically manipulating objects
  25. Give order of Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development
    • 1. sensorimotor thought
    • 2. peroperational thought
    • 3. operational thought
    • 4. formal operational thought
  26. Kohlberg
    • Theories of moral development
    • precoventional--obedience and punishment
    • conventional--maintaining social order (socio-influence)
    • postconvential--social contract & individual rights/ following ones beliefs even if they are against those of society. moral perserverance
  27. Erikson
    • Stage 1 - Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
    • Stage 2 - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
    • Stage 3 - Initiative vs. Guilt
    • Stage 4 - Industry vs. Inferiority
    • Stage 5 - Identity vs. Role Confusion (or "Diffusion")
    • Stage 6 - Intimacy vs. Isolation
    • Stage 7 - Generativity vs. Stagnation
    • Stage 8 - Ego Integrity vs. Despair
  28. Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
    • The child will let mother out of sight without anxiety and rage because she has become an inner certainty as well as an outer predictability.
    • The balance of trust with mistrust depends largely on the quality of maternal relationship.
  29. identitiy v. role confusion
    • adolescent is newly concerned with how they appear to others
    • accrued confidence ftom inner sameness and continuity prepared in the past are matched by the sameness and continuity of one's meaning for others
  30. intimacy vs. isolation
    Body and ego must be masters of organ modes and of the other nuclear conflicts in order to face the fear of ego loss in situations which call for self-abandon