anatomy mini 2

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Author:
sweetlu
ID:
111406
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anatomy mini 2
Updated:
2011-12-11 12:45:34
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anatomy
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anatomy
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  1. lat fem cut n
    L2-L3
  2. femoral n
    • L2-L4
    • post div
  3. common fib n
    (sciatic) L4-S2
  4. sciatic n
    L4-S3
  5. Lumbosaccral trunk
    joins L4-L5
  6. Obturator n
    • L2-L4
    • anterior div
  7. tibial n
    • (sciatic) L4-S3
    • ant div
  8. Quadriceps femoris
    • o- rectus femoris- AIIS
    • vastus muscles- femur
    • i- quad tendon to tibial tuberosity
    • a- extend leg at knee joint
    • rectus femoris- flex leg at hip joint
    • n- femoral n (L2-L4)
  9. iliopsoas
    • o- saccral fossa and T12-L4
    • i- lesser trochanter
    • a- flex thigh at hip
    • n- anterior rami of lumbar n
  10. pectineus
    • o- pectineal line of pubis
    • i- just inferior to LT
    • a- flex thigh at hip, ADduct and medially rotate thigh
    • n- femoral (may also have some obturator)
  11. sartorius
    • o- ASIS
    • i- proximomedial tibia
    • a- flex thigh at hip, flex leg at knee, ABduct and laterally rotate thigh (indian style)
    • n- femoral (L2-L4)
  12. adductor longus
    • o- ant pubis
    • i- medial femur
    • a- ADduct thigh at hip
    • n- obturator (L2-L4)
  13. adductor brevis
    • o- inferior pubis
    • i- proximomedial femur
    • a- ADduct thigh at hip, flex thihg at hip
    • n- obturator (L2-L4)
  14. gracilis
    • o- inf pubic ramus
    • i- medial tibial shaft
    • a- ADduct thigh at hip, flex leg at knee, medially rot
    • n- obturator (L2-L4)
  15. adductor magnus
    • o- AD- inf pubic ramus
    • HS- ischial tuberosity
    • i- distomedial femur
    • a- ADducts thigh
    • AD- flexes thigh at hip
    • HS- extends thigh at hip
    • n- AD- obturator (L2-L4)
    • HS- tibial division of sciatic(L4-S3)
  16. glut max
    • o- posterior sacrum and ileum
    • i- gluteal tuberosity
    • a- extend thigh at hip, laterally rot
    • n- inferior glut
  17. tensor fascia lata
    • o- iliac crest and ASIS
    • i- iliotibial tract
    • a- ABduct thigh at hip, medially rot
    • n- Sup glut (L4-S1)
  18. glut medius and minimus
    • o- ileum
    • i- GT
    • a- ABduct thigh at hip, medially rot, *keeps pelvis level on weightbearing limb**
    • n- Sup glut
  19. piriformis
    • o- anterolateral sacrum
    • i- GT
    • a- ABduct thigh, laterally rot
    • n- n to piriformis (S1-S2)
  20. Sup gemellus and Obturator internus
    • o- iliac spine (SG), obterator foramen (OI)
    • i- GT
    • a- LR, ABduct
    • n- n to Ob. internus (L5-S2)
  21. Inf gemellus and Quadratus femoris
    • o- ischial tuberosity
    • i- GT (IG), quadrate tubercle (QF)
    • a- LR, ABduct
    • n- n to QF (L4-S1)
  22. semitendinosus and semimembranosis
    • o- ischial tuberosity
    • i- medial condyle of tibia
    • a- extend at hip, flex at knee, MR
    • n- tibial (sciatic)(L4-S3)
    • "true hamstring"
  23. Biceps femoris
    • o- long-ischial tuberosity
    • short- femur
    • i- head of fibula
    • a- extend at hip, flex at knee, LR
    • n- long- tibial sciatic(L4-S3)
    • short- CF sciatic (L4-S2)
  24. tibialis anterior
    • o- lat condyle of tibia
    • i-medial cuneform and base of MT1
    • a- dorsiflex and invert
    • n- DFn
  25. Ext digitorum longus
    • o- medial fibula
    • i- IPJs 2-5
    • a- dorsiflex and extend (2-5)
    • n- DFn
  26. Ext hallucis longus
    • o- medial fib and interosseus
    • i- IP of hallux
    • a- extend digit 1, dorsiflex
    • n- DFn
  27. Fibularis tertius
    • o- distal fib
    • i- 5th MT
    • a- dorsiflex and evert
    • n- DFn
  28. fibularis longus
    • o- proximal half of fibula
    • i- wraps under foot to insert at MT1 and medial cuneform
    • a- plantar flex and evert
    • n- SFn
  29. Fibularis brevis
    • o- distal half of fibula
    • i- tuberosity of MT5
    • a- plantarflex and evert
    • n- SFn
  30. Plantaris
    • o- distolateral femur
    • i- calcaneal tendon
    • a- plantar flex
    • n- tibial n
  31. gastrocnemius
    • o- lat and med epicondyles of femur
    • i- calcaneal tendon
    • a- plantar flex, flex at knee
    • n- tibial n
  32. soleus
    • o- tibia(soleal line) and head of fibula
    • i- calcaneal tendon
    • a- plantar flex, steady leg on foot **always active when standing**
    • n- tibial n
  33. popliteus
    • o- lat epicondyle of femur
    • i- soleal line
    • a- LR 5 degrees on fixed tibia (unlocks knee), flex knee
    • n- tibial n
  34. Flexor digitorum longus
    • o- medial tibia
    • i- distal phalanges of 2-5
    • a-flex digits 2-5, plantatflex
    • n- tibial
  35. Flexor hallucis longus
    • o- fibula
    • i- distal phalange of hallux
    • a- flex hallux, plantarflex
    • n- tibial n
  36. tibialis posterior
    • o- tib, fib, interosseus
    • i- navicular, cuneiforms, cuboid, calcaneous, 2-4 MT
    • a- plantarflex, invert
    • n- tibial
  37. communicating bursa of the knee
    • Gastocnemius
    • Anserine
    • Suprapatellar
    • Popliteus
    • **pathway for spread of infection to knee joint**
  38. Unhappy triad and the movements that cause
    • TCL, ACL, med meniscus
    • -blow to lateral side of extended knee
    • - excessive lat rot of flexed knee
    • - forceful hyperextension of semiflexed knee
  39. lateral collateral ligament of ankle and order of damage
    • 1-anterior talofibular lig
    • 2-calcaneal fibular
    • 3- posterior talofibular ligament
  40. passive support of foot arches
    plantar aponeurosis, plantar calcaneonavicular (spring ligament), long calcaneocuboid, short calcaneocuboid
  41. Exit only greater sciatic foramen
    • piriformis
    • SG a/n/v
    • IG a/n/v
    • n. to quadratus femoris
    • sciatic
    • posterior cutaneous n. of the thigh
  42. exit on lesser sciatic foramen
    obtuator internus tendon
  43. exit greater SF and enter lesser SF
    • pudenal n.
    • internal pudenal a/v
    • n. to obturator internus
  44. pes anserinus
    • sartorius, gracilus and semitendinosis muscles
    • all insert on anterior tibula just below the medil epicondyle
  45. smooth muscle with ectodermal origin
    • -puillary muscles of the eye
    • - myoepithelial cells of sweat glands and mammary glands
  46. intrinsic muscle of back origin
    - epaxial musculature from epimere
  47. limb and body wall musculature
    from hypomere (hypaxial muscle)
  48. SkM origin
    paraxial mesoderm
  49. CM and SM origin
    splanchnic mesoderm
  50. LPM forms
    bones and conn tissue of limbs
  51. veterbral column and ribs develop from
    sclerotome
  52. Hepcidin
    • master Fe regulator
    • - restricts Fe availability in cancer and inflammation
    • - controls ferroportin activity (like a cork)
  53. malignant tumors with 'oma' suffix
    • Seminoma
    • Hepatoma
    • Lymphoma
    • Astrocytoma
    • Melanoma
  54. non neo-plastic disorders with 'oma'
    • granuloma
    • hematoma
    • harmatoma
    • choristoma
  55. mixed tumor
    >1 parenchymal cell type from single germ layer
  56. teratoma
    >1 parenchymal cell type, >1 germ layer
  57. choristoma
    normal tissue in an ectopic location
  58. harmatoma
    disorganized normal tissue

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