Global His Part 2

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Global His Part 2
2011-10-23 17:07:56

Italian and German unification
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  1. realistic politics based on the needs of the state
    (power more important than principals)
  2. Bismarck's policy used to unite German states under Prussian rule
    blood and iron
  3. emperor
    kaiser (William I aka Wilhelm I)
  4. empire
  5. highest official of a monarch
  6. "battle for civilizations"
    asked Catholics to pledge allegiance to nation rather than Church
  7. programs to help certain groups of people
    social welfare
  8. supporter of socialism (system where people rather than private indiv own all property & run all businesses)
  9. head of cabinet
    prime minister
  10. people who want to abolish all gov't
  11. compromise when 2 separate states share a leader, ministries of finance, defensem and foreign affaris (Austria-Hungary)
    dual monarchy
  12. empire composed of manny nations
    multinational empire
  13. movement away from homeland
  14. "The Sick Man of Europe"
    Ottoman Empire
  15. based on a compromise- means must wait for an agreement and therefore is weak
  16. Prime minister of Germany who became chancellor
    *Aimed to build strong, unified German state w/ Prussia at head
    Came from Prussia's Junker class (censervative, landowning nobles)
    Blood and iron policy & realpolitik
    Got money by using $ set aside for diff causes
    Otto von Biskmarck
  17. organized a number of German states
    Rhine Confederation
  18. weak alliance headed by Austria
    German Confederation
  19. Napolean's Impact on Germany
    • Freed serfs
    • made trade easier
    • abolished laws against Jews
  20. Prussian economic union that dismantled tariff boundaries in Germany
  21. demanded German political unity
    Frankfurt Assembly
  22. ruling dynasty of Prussia that Bismarch was loyal to
    Powerful, traditional monarchy
  23. War that lasted 7 weeks
    Prussian victory
    Prussia took control of several northern German states
    Dissolved the German Confederation putting Prussia in chaarge now
    Austro-Prussian War
  24. War with Prussian victory
    EMS Dispatch: telegram from King William I to Napoleon III, Bismarch edited it to make it sound insulting
    Franco-Prussian War
  25. Upper house of German gov't which had the power to veto so therefore more power and it was appointed by rulers of German States
  26. Lower house in German gov't, had less power and was elected by universal male suffrage
  27. iron and coal reasources
    middle class workers
    large population
    single currency
    reorganized banking system
    corrdinated railroads
    supported research and develp in universities
    trained scientists solve tech problems in factories
    tariffs protecting domestic goods
    Reasons Germany was an industrial giant
  28. enormous industrial complex producing steal and weapons
    House of Krupp
  29. August Thyssen
    giant steel empire
  30. Optics (telescopes, microscopes, optical equip)
    Carl Zeiss
  31. Social Democratic party (parlimentary gov't and laws to improve conditions for working class)
    Bismarck passed laws to dissolve these socialist groups and he shut down their newspapers/ banned their meetings
    German Marxists
  32. To stop socialism Bismarck created these including health/accident/old age insurance
    social reforms