PH 661 Terms

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PH 661 Terms
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2011-10-23 22:25:01
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PH 661 midterm
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PH 661 midterm terms
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  1. Perceived susceptibility
    belief about the chances or risk of getting a certain disease (HBM)
  2. Perceived severity
    belief about how serious a disease or condition is (HBM)
  3. Perceived benefits
    belief about how efficacious the advised action to reduce disease impact is (HBM)
  4. Perceived barriers
    belief about the costs (psychologically and tangible) of the proposed action (HBM)
  5. Cues to action
    strategies to promote action, activate "readiness" (HBM)
  6. Behavioral beliefs
    beliefs about the specific outcomes of a behavior (measured by differential scale, “My using a condom the next time I have sex will help protect me from STDs : likely-->unlikely) TRA/TPB
  7. Evaluation of behavioral outcomes
    value attached to a behavioral outcome (Protecting myself from getting STDs is: good-->bad) TRA/TPB
  8. Normative beliefs
    belief about whether referent ppl approve or disapprove of a behavior (“My friends/partner think I: should→shouldn’t use condoms the next time I have sex”) TRA/TPB
  9. Motivation to comply
    an individual’s motivation to do what a referent thinks they should do (“How much do you want to do what your partner thinks you should do? Not much at all→Very”) TRA/TPB
  10. Control belief
    perceived likelihood of occurrence of each facilitating or constraining condition (“How likely is it that you can persuade your partner to use condoms the next time you have sex? Likely→unlikely”) TRA/TPB
  11. Perceived power
    perceived effect of each condition, making it easier or harder (“How easy or difficult will it be to persuade your partner to use condoms the next time you have sex? Easy→difficult”) TRA/TPB
  12. Consciousness raising
    increasing awareness about causes, consequences and cures for a particular problem behavior (education, feedback, media campaigns) SOC
  13. Dramatic Relief
    produces increased emotional experience/response, followed by a reduced affect if appropriate action is taken (personal testimonies, media campaigns, grieving) SOC
  14. Self-reevaluation
    cognitive and affective assessments of one’s self-image with and without a particular unhealthy habit (value clarification, imagery, role models) SOC
  15. Environmental reevaluation
    cognitive and affective assessments of how the presence/absence of a habit affects one’s social environment (“look how alcoholism affects the family”, family interventions) SOC
  16. Self-liberation
    the belief that one can change and the recurring commitment to act on that belief (ie willpower, new year’s resolutions) SOC
  17. Social liberation
    increasing social opportunities to avoid bad habits, especially when deprived/oppressed (empowerment, policies, ie “take back the night”) SOC
  18. Counter conditioning
    learning healthier behaviors to substitute for problem behaviors (NRT, healthier eating, positive self-take) SOC
  19. Stimulus control
    removes cues for unhealthy habits, adds prompts for healthier alternatives (self-help/support groups, avoidance ie not going to a bar) SOC
  20. Contingency/Reinforcement management
    providing consequences for taking steps in a direction (usually rewards/incentives, group recognition ie weight watchers) SOC
  21. Helping relationships
    combine caring, trust, openness, acceptance and support for healthy behavior change (rapport building, health coaching/workout partner, ie dissertation support group) SOC
  22. Decisional balance
    pros/cons of changing (gains/costs for self and others) SOC
  23. Self efficacy
    confidence that one can engage in the healthy behavior across challenging situations (“are you confident you can go to the party and not relapse?”) SOC
  24. Temptation
    temptation to engage in the unhealthy behavior across challenging situations (“how strong is the temptation to drink at the party?”) SOC
  25. Precontemplation
    no intention to take action in the next 6 months
  26. Contemplation
    intends to take action in the next 6 months, weighing benefits/costs of behavior
  27. Preparation
    intends to take action in the next 30 days, and has taken some steps in this direction
  28. Action
    changed overt behavior for less than 6 months
  29. Maintenance
    maintaining new behavior over time (6+ months)
  30. Termination
    No temptation to relapse and 100% confidence
  31. Reciprocal determinism
    environmental factors influence individuals and groups, and visa-versa SCT
  32. Outcome expectations
    beliefs about the likelihood and value of the consequences of behavioral choices (ie changing expectations about the pleasure associated with condoms) SCT
  33. Collective efficacy
    beliefs about the ability of a group to perform concerted actions to bring desired outcomes (organizing environmental changes) SCT
  34. Observational learning
    learning new behaviors via exposure to displays of them, particularly peer modeling SCT
  35. Incentive motivation
    the use/misuse of rewards/punishments to modify behavior (laws, taxes, and their good/bad consequences) SCT
  36. Facilitation
    providing tools, resources, environmental changes to make new behaviors easier to perform (tangible tools like condoms, skill building) SCT
  37. Self-regulation
    controlling oneself through self-monitoring, goal-setting, feedback, reward, enlistment of social support (telephone counseling) SCT
  38. Moral disengagement
    ways of thinking about harmful behaviors/those who are harmed in a way that makes inflicting suffering acceptable by disengaging from self-regulatory moral standards SCT
  39. North Karelia Project – mass media campaigns as a reality tv show with peer modeling, environmental change by subsidizing farmers to switch to berries from dairy SCT
  40. American Cancer Society Telephone Counseling for TC – service to help smokers quit through guided self-regulation (self monitoring, goal-setting, feedback, etc) SCT
  41. Theory
    A set of concepts, constructs, and variables that explain or predict the relationship between events or things. Concise, cohesive
  42. Framework
    A way of thinking about a problem, not focusing on the relationships but on the way of approaching the problem
  43. Conceptual model
    A diagram of proposed causal relationships among variables, related to a specific model, and simplified to include the important variables.
  44. Enhancing existing network linkages
    training of network members in skills to provide support, train focal individual in mobilizing/maintaining social networks
  45. Developing new social network linkages
    linking to mentors, self-help groups, buddy system, ppl who have undergone similar situations
  46. Enhance networks through indigenous natural helpers/community health workers
    identify CHWs, training in health topics for these individuals, promotores
  47. Enhancing networks through community capacity building and problem solving
    facilitating community problem identification and problem-solving (ie “Tenderloin Senior Outreach”), increases community role in fixing problems, lets members turn to each other
  48. Social support
    functional content of relationships that involve 4 kinds of supportive actions: emotional support, instrumental support, informational support, appraisal support
  49. Social network
    web of relational linkages between people that may provide support or other functions
  50. Social capital
    feature of social organization that facilitates cooperation and coordination for mutual benefit

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