psych5

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Anonymous
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111655
Filename:
psych5
Updated:
2011-10-23 23:55:25
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stress
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stress
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  1. Psychological debriefing, or critical incident stress debriefing, is a form of which kind of therapy? a. sociocultural b. psychoanalytic c. humanistic d. cognitive
    a
  2. The state of stress has two components: a. stress and stressor. b. stressor and stress response. c. stress and appraisal. d. stress and recovery.
    b
  3. Psychologists have found that differences in which type of anxiety may appear soon after birth? a. trait anxiety b. state anxiety c. somatic anxiety d. cognitive anxiety
    a
  4. According to the Social Adjustment Rating Scale, what event do both white Americans and African Americans rate as the single most stressful life event? a. the death of a child b. the loss of a job c. buying a new home/moving d. the death of a spouse
    d
  5. When we encounter a stressor, the _____________ nervous system accelerates the automatic processes in our body. After the stressor is over, the ___________ nervous system returns us to normal functioning. a. somatic; autonomic b. somatic; sympathetic c. parasympathetic; sympathetic d. sympathetic; parasympathetic
    d
  6. The heightened biochemical arousal of posttraumatic stress victims may eventually damage which parts of their brain? a. hypothalamus and limbic system b. frontal and temporal lobes c. thalamus and pons d. hippocampus and amygdala
    d
  7. Glands release ________ into the bloodstream. a. glucose b. neurotransmitters c. cerebral spinal fluid d. hormones
    d
  8. One shortcoming of Holmes and Rahe's Social Adjustment Rating Scale was that few of the subjects sampled were: a. white Americans. b. African Americans. c. Native Americans. d. women.
    b
  9. Researchers have found evidence of abnormal activity of __________ and _________ in the urine, blood, and saliva of combat soldiers, rape victims, concentration camp survivors, and survivors of other severe stress. a. adrenaline; serotonin b. cortisol; norepinephrine c. epinephrine; cortisol d. dopamine; cortisol
    b
  10. The area of study that links psychosocial stress, the immune system, and health is known as: a. neuropsychology. b. immunology. c. psychoneuroimmunology. d. psychoimmunoneurology.
    c
  11. Which of these techniques has been shown to be most helpful in the treatment of pain? a. self-instruction training b. insight therapy c. hypnosis d. meditation
    c
  12. Which of the following Type-A personality traits has not been linked to coronary heart disease? a. being in a hurry b. being ambitious c. being hostile d. All of the answers are correct.
    c
  13. _____ percent of women and ____% of men exposed to a serious trauma may develop a stress disorder. a. Fifteen; 10 b. Twenty-five; 15 c. Twenty; 8 d. Nineteen; 9
    c
  14. ___________ suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder seem to benefit from talking about their experiences and sharing feelings of guilt with others who have had similar experiences. a. Rape victims b. Sexual abuse victims c. Combat veterans d. Flood victims
    c
  15. Research suggests that more than __________ of all victims of physical or sexual assault develop posttraumatic stress disorder. a. one-tenth b. one-quarter c. one-third d. half
    c
  16. The key psychological stress disorders are: a. obsessive-compulsive disorder and acute stress disorder. b. panic disorder and acute stress disorder. c. posttraumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder. d. schizophrenia and posttraumatic stress disorder.
    c
  17. If a victim of rape is treated with dignity and respect by the criminal justice system, what does research suggest is a likely outcome? a. The victim will be more likely to press charges against the attacker. b. The victim will have a greater chance of developing a stress-related illness. c. The victim will be less likely to press charges because they will decide to simply "move on." d. The victim will have a greater chance of recovering more successfully
    d
  18. Which group had the highest substantial reaction to the events of September 11, 2001? a. children b. white Americans c. nonwhite Americans d. men
    c
  19. Some studies indicate that ____________ treatment is the single most helpful intervention for persons with stress disorders, irrespective of the precipitating trauma. a. drug b. exposure c. electroconvulsive d. psychodynamic
    b

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