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- a) to express a very bad opinon of a book , play etc.
- ex) an excoriating review in ' the Times "
a) conforming to established doctrine especially in religion
- a) not harmful or injurious, harmless
- b)not likely to irriate or offend
- e.x #1 : expert Poision Info Center can help househole with substance with harmful or innocuous chemicals.
- ex. #2: It advice that regular bloggers should only blog about innocuous topices so that they won't be in troubles.
- a) to make someone inclined to something in advance
- ex. Eating unhealth food can predisposed one to develop diabetes
- a) an instinctive contrariety or opposition in feeling
- a feelingof intense dislike
- ex) It was surprising that my sister become friend with Frank, she used to have antipathy toward him.
grotesque (groh-tesk) adj
a) odd or unnatural in shape, appearance, or character
- a) bitter, long lasting resentment
- b) deep-seated ill will
- ex) In the meeting, there were name calling and criticism remark that createda a great rancor amonth the communitee
- ex) The senates is concerning about the divison gov't parties and teh level of rancor between the two sides would bring harm to the nation.
- a) to free or release from entanglement; disengage: to extricate someone from a dangerous situation.
- b) to liberate (gas) from combination, as in a chemical process.
- c) to remove or free from complication, hindrance, or difficulty; disentangle
- 1. Several survivors were extricated
- from the wreckage.
- 2. They extricated the tractor from
- the mud.
- 3. She hasn't been able to extricate
- herself from her legal problems.
- a) keeping one seated much of the time
- b)doing or requiring much sitting <a sedentary job
- a) to exile or banish (some to a place
- b) to assign to an inferior position
- c) to submit to someone or something ofr appropriate action
- ex) prisoner who were convicted murder will be relegate to sea prision
- ex) The bill has been relegated to cmmittee for discussion.
- a) dependent on circumstances beyond one's control, uncertain, unstable
- b) unsure, unsteady, doubtful
- ex) The situation become more precarious when homeowner used their house to borrow second loan when the banks are unstable to loan money.
- a) equl., as in value, force, effect
- b) something that is to be almost the same thing as something else
- ex) His angry speech was tantamount to a delcaration of war
- ex) His statement was tantamount to an admission of guilt.
- a) very stupid or without much meaning
- b) lack in sense, significance or ideas, silly
- ex) an inane remark
In retrospect (v)
- a) thinking back to a time in teh past, esp. with the advanatage of knowing more now than before
- ex) In retrospect, I wonder if we should have done this
- ex) It was, in retrospect, the happiest day of her life.
- a) happening by chance, esp. in a way that has a good result.
- ex) A fortuitous encounter with Jim's boss at the coffe shop help jim got promoted.
- a) out of place, inapporpriate, unsuitable in a particular situation
- ex) the new theatre looks incongruous in its setting.
- a) reduced to or fallen into partial ruin or decay, as from age, wear, or neglect.
- ex) a dilapidated building.
- a) continuing w/o stopping
- ex) the child's incessant crying irritate her.
- a) talking or behaving in a sad, silly and emotional way. esp. when drunk
- b) tearfully or weakly emotional, foolishly sentimental beacuse of drunkenness.
- ex) Sir Ralph was becoming maudlin after his third glass of red wine.
- a) unintensional mistake, lack of care.
- ex) John will be pleased to remedy any inadvertent omission and errow.
- ex) Bob's inadverntent chemical spill caused the whole class to evauate.
- a) to express disapproval of, scold
- ex) the principal chided the children for their thoughtless pranks
- a) distasetful, offeensive, arosuing disguest or aversion
- ex) It's morally repugnant for any judge to delay justice based on self-interest.
- a) evil or cruel
- b) having the qualities of a devil. outrageoulsy wicked
- ex) The FBI have spent many years searching for the diabolical servial skiller
- a) ideas, activities are secret and intended to damage or destroy a government or an est. system
- ex) The nort korean form a subversive group to overthrown Kim Young Ill
- a) to imagine a particular situation or to think about something in particular way
- b) to form a notion or ieda etc and develop it in your mind.
- c) to hold as an ioinion, think, believe
- ex) He could not conveive that anything really serious could be worrying his friend.
- ex) John's mom couldn convieve the reason why his son did such a stupid thing.
- a) an exorbitant price, amount of money etc is much higher than it should be
- ex) When the economy has high demand in real estate, the bank charges homeowner an exorbitant interest rate on mortage loans
- ex) The new building in new york chargers an exorbitant rent.
- a) brieft, abruptly concise, curt
- b)a terse reply, message etc. uses very few words and often show that you are annoyed
- ex) Dere's terse reply ended the conversation with his wife.
- a) occuring at irregular intervals or only a few places
- b) happening fairly often, but not regularly, intermittent
- ex) The citizen of Mexico heard sporadic gunfire at night that wake them up from time to time.
- a) more than is needed or wanted
- ex) A modern building whit no superfluous decoration.
- ex) Jenny writing is too wordy, the teacher recommended her to elimiated all those superfluous words and phrases.
a) rhetorical question a question that you ask as a way of making a statement, w/o expecting an answer
- a) unity, stickly together
- ex) Muslin is a small but cohesive group, and for that they were able to expand quickly.
- a) expressing your opinions loudly and strongly
- ex) The Occppy Wall Street has become vociferous in its protest of the goverment by camping outside the policial building.
- a) a statement or idea that you accept as true and use as a base for developing other ideas
- b) a propersition supporting or helping to support a conclusion.
- ex) The idea that there is life on other planets is the central premise of the novel.
- a) to turn away in feeling or affection, make unfriendly or hostile.
- ex) Tim awakward behaviors estranged other to become his friends.
- ex) Her husband's cheating estranged their relationship.
- ex) Their incessant quarrel estranged the two friends.
- a) to help someone ot feel better and more positive.
- b) to improve something
- ex) He is making a bold attempt to bolster the territory's conidence .
a) acting back like one acted in the past; acting like a child
- a) behavior that deserves criticism
- ex) Adultery is a reprehensible behavior.
- ex) Most people would agree that selling illegal drugs to teenagers is a reprehenisble behavior.
- a) illegal, unlawful activities
- ex) The law consider Internet pron is categorize as an illicit work.
- a) to honour or respect someone or something beacuse they are old, holy, or connected with the past.
- ex) The Statue of Liberty is to be venerated for generation by the New Yorker.
- a) very careful to be completely honest and fair
- ex) Don't expect brokers to be scrupulous with their clients.
- ex) The non-profits organization will be scrupulous in maintaining the highest moral standards.
- ex) The charity want to be scrupulous in taking care of the orphan children so that everyone feel they have the same treatment.
- a) done or kept secret
- b) characterized by, done in or executed with secrecy
- ex) a clandestine affair.
- a) to state offically that someone who has been blamed for something is not quilty.
- b) to clear from accusation, free from guilt or blame
- c) to relieve as from an obligation duty or task
- ex) If the DNA testing was approved, Mr. john would be exonerated from his death sentence.
- ex) To help Kate exonerated feeling for the cause of her brother death, she decided to raise her brother kids as her own.
- to tear up by the roots
- ex) The deathly diease in Africa now can be eradicated from the popluation with the new vaccine.
- a) lazy, sluggish (usually re: disease condition) causing little pain
- ex) Same infection are indolent
- a) matching something in size, quality or lenght of time
- b) corresponding in extent, amount, or degree
- ex) Salary will be commensurate with years of experience and skills.
- ex) Her new position came with a commensurate level of responsibilty.
- ex) The new high speed network must be commensurate with the circle of the connection
- ex) The claim for damages must be commensurate to the cost of reparing the vehicel.
- a) behaving calmly and not seeing interested in anything or worried about anything
- ex) Has he got a girlfriend? jill asked trying to sound nonchalante
- a) intended to be useful and practical rather than attractive or comfortable
- ex. ugly utilitarian buildings
- a) A quality that is inherent in something is a natural part of it and cannot be separated form it
- ex) I am afraid the problems you mention are inherent in the system
- ex) every business has its own inherent risks.
- ex) There is an inherent problems of back pain when siting improperly.
- a) To disappear of to lessen in intensity to scatter.
- b) To spend or use up carelessly, deplete.
- ex) Slowly, the smoke was dissipated by the breeze.
- a) very slight, gradual, subtle
- b) not able to be sensed
- ex) The highlighter have faded more to almost imperceptible pale yellow
- a) most obvious or noticeable
- ex) The teacher instucted her student to mark only the salient passages in the book with highlighters.
- ex) Jen remember only a few salient remarks from the long speech
- a) To scatter widely, as in sowing seed, to become disffused
- b) to spread information or ideas to as many people as possible.
- ex) Since 9-11 the website have been the main links to disseminate information
- ex) Her findings have been widely disseminated.
- a) idea or beliefs permeated; means present in every part of it.
- b) something that enters it and spreads through every part of it
- ex) the smell of diesel oil permated the air.
- ex) The heavy rain and damp taht moisture seemed to permeate everything.
- ex) Racism continues to permeate our society
- a) very eager to please or agree with people who are powerful-used in order to show disapproval
- ex) Mary constantly flatter her boss by agreeing loudly to everything he says. However her obsequious behavior annoys him.