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difficulty in planning and executing the volitional movements of speech
when blood supply to brain is inhibited b.c of blockage in artery
plaque builds up in artery and closes it off prohibiting blood flow
piece of plaque breaks off and migrates from large artery to smaller artery and blocks flow of blood
How is aphasia classified?
What is auditory comprehension
ability to understand spoken langage
word finding problems or inability to retrieve a word
substitution of a sound (sofa-tofa)
word substitution (sofa-chair)
Damage to frontal lobe
Characterized by macrographia
Large region of brain damage
nonverbal w. limited gestures
Defined by comprehension problems
Talk around word
Melody, intonation, rhythym
made up words
real words put together with no meaning
talking around a word
Difficulties with repetition and reading aloud
No specific area/lesion site
Most common aphasia
Difficulty with word retrieval
Signs of a stroke
What are the fluent/receptive types of aphasia?
What are the nonfluent/expressive types of aphasia?
–John has trouble making sentences with the word “coat”. He may say “He wear tote” instead of he is wearing a coat.
–Emma has trouble naming items. When she is telling you about a picture of “Keeneland” she may say “they have um horses, I go there with my my family”
–When asked which is heavier, a pound of feathers or a pound of meat, Abe would not know the correct answer.
–Elle would not be able to repeat “the nurses station is down the hall”