american gov't study cards 2

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american gov't study cards 2
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2011-10-24 01:11:16
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  1. a practice of unlimited debate in the senate in order to prevent or delay a vote on a bill
    filibuster
  2. a vote to end senate filibuster, requires a three fifths majority or sixty votes
    cloture
  3. reversal of a presidental veto by a two thirds vote in both houses of congress
    veto override
  4. presidental authority to kill a bill submitted within ten days of the end of a legislative session by not signing it
    pocket veto
  5. the apolitical unifying role of the pres as symbolic representation of the whole country
    head of state
  6. the political role of the pres as leader of a political party and chief arbiter of who gets what resources
    head of gov't
  7. the presidents executive role as the head of federal agencies and the person responsible for the implementation of national policy
    chief administrator
  8. a presidential advisory group selected by the president made up of the vice president, the heads of the federal executive departments, and other high officials to whom te president elects to give cabinet status
    cabinet
  9. the presidents role as the top officer of the country's military establishment
    commander in chief
  10. the president's executive role as the primary shaper of relations with other nations
    chief foreign policy maker
  11. formal agreements with other countries negotiated by the president and requiring aprroval by 2/3 of the senate
    treaties
  12. a presidential arrangement with another country that creates foreign policy without the need for senate approval
    executive agreement
  13. a presidents authority to reject a bill passed by congress may be overridden by a 2/3 majority in each house
    presidential veto
  14. clarifications of congressional policy issued by the president and having the full force of the law
    executive orders
  15. the justice department officer who argues the gov'ts cases before the supreme court
    solicitor general
  16. a presidents authority to release or excuse a person from the legal penalties of a crime
    pardoning power
  17. presidential powers implied but not explicitly stated in the constitution
    inherent powers
  18. a presidents ability to convince congress, other political actors, and the public to cooperate with the administrations agenda
    power to persuade
  19. the predictable rise and fall of a presidents popularity at different stages of a term in office
    cycle effect
  20. the time following an election when a presidents popularity is high and congressional relations are likely to be productive
    honeymoon period
  21. executive personnel who work with members of congress to secure their support in getting a presidents legislation passed
    legislative liaison
  22. political split between two parties. ine controlling the white house and the other controlling one or both houses of congress
    divided gov't
  23. collection of nine organizations that help the president with policy and political objectives
    Executive office of the president , eop
  24. organization within the EOP that oversees the budgets of departments and agencies
    office of management and budget
  25. organization within EOP that provides foreign policy advice to the president
    Nat'l security council
  26. organization withing EOP that advises pres on economic matters
    council of econ activities
  27. approximately four hundred employees within the EOP who work most closely and directly with the president
    white house office
  28. the person who oversees the operations of white house staff and controls access to the president
    chief of staff
  29. image projected by the pres that represents how he would like to be perceived at home and abroad
    presidential style
  30. an organization characterized by hierarchical structure, worker specialization, explicit rules, and advancement by merit
    bureaucracy
  31. the principle that bureaucracy should be depoliticized by making it more professional
    neutral competence
  32. the 19th century practice of rewarding political supporters with public office
    spoils system
  33. system in which succssful party candidates reward supporters with jobs or favors
    patronage
  34. nonmilitary employees of the gov't who are appointed through the merit system
    civil service
  35. 1883 civil service reform that required the hiring and promoting of civil servants to be based on merit, not patronage
    Pendleton Act
  36. 1939 law limiting the political involvement of civil servants in order to protect them from political pressure and keep politics out of the bureaucracy
    Hatch Act
  37. the principle that beueaucratic employees should be answerable for their performance to supervisors all the way up the chain of command
    accountablility
  38. the complex procedures and regulations surrounding bureaucratic activitity
    red tape
  39. groups of citizens whose interests are affected by an agency or department and who work to influence its policies
    clientele groups
  40. one of the major subdivisions of the federal gov't represented in the president's cabinet
    departments
  41. gov't organizations independant of the department but with a narrower policy focus
    independant agencies
  42. limitations or restrictions on the activities of a business or individual
    regulations
  43. companies created by congress to provide the public a good or service that private enterprise cannort or will not profitably provide
    gov't corporations
  44. beauracratic use of thier own judgement in interpreting and carryuing out the laws of congress
    bureaucratic discretion
  45. publication containing all federal regulations and notifications of regulatory agency hearings
    federal register
  46. individuals who publicize instances of fraud, corruption, or other wrongdoing in the bureaucracy
    whistle blowers
  47. the phenomenon of a clientele group, congressional committe, and bureaucratic agency cooperating to make mutually beneficial policy
    iron triangle

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