21 Gram Neg/Pos/Transitional Bacteria

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face12
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21 Gram Neg/Pos/Transitional Bacteria
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2011-10-24 14:15:55
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Villareal ACC microbiology fall 2011
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This is just the Gam Negate,Positive,Transitional Bacteria for Unit 3 test
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  1. Camplyobacter jejuni
    • Gram negative spiral bacteria
    • (microaerophilic)

    • SX:
    • painful spasms of the gastrointestinal processes with an urgent desire
    • to evacuate to the bowels. Often mucous
    • or blood alone are passed.

    • Pathogenic, contaminated
    • food
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  2. Treponema
    palladium
    Syphilis

    Gram negative spirochetes

    • SX:
    • painless red ulcer, a rash on the palms and soles, watery eyes, runny
    • nose, aches and pains, blindness, stroke and insanity.

    • Pathogenic, Sexually Transmitted
    • Disease
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  3. Borrelia burgdorferii
    Lyme disease

    Gram negative spirochetes

    • SX: target lesion, flu like, heart
    • and nervous system, paralysis

    • Pathogenic, tick borne
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  4. Legionella
    pneumophilia
    • Causative agent of Legionnaire’s
    • disease and Pontiac Fever

    Gram negative aerobic rods

    • SX:
    • muscle aches, headaches, fever, cough, SOB, CP and diarrhea

    Lower respiratory tract infection

    • Opportunistic and airborne
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  5. Bordetella pertussis
    Whooping cough

    Gram negative aerobic rods

    • SX:
    • nasal congestion, spasms of violent coughing, vomiting and convulsions

    • Pathogenic and communicable
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  6. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Gram negative aerobic rods

    • SX: UTI, skin and lung infections, COPD, decubitus sores,
    • tissue necrosis

    • Loves burn patients, indicated in
    • infections of burn patients

    • Opportunistic, common in hospitals
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  7. Vibrios and Enterobacteria
    Gram negative facultative rods

    Pathogenic

    • Salmonella,
    • Shigella, Escherichia, and Vibrio
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  8. Fusobacterium
    Gram negative anaerobic rods

    • SX:
    • tooth abscesses and periodontal disease, sepsis

    • Opportunistic
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  9. Neisseria
    meningitides
    • Gram negative cocci or a
    • coccobaccilli (plump rods)

    • SX: throbbing headache, fever, stiffness in neck
    • and back

    • Pathogenic, airborne
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  10. Neisseria
    gonorrheoae
    Gram negative cocci or coccobaccilli

    • SX:
    • males- painful urination, thick pussy d/c

    • women- painful urination and
    • vaginal d/c

    • Pathogenic, sexually
    • transmitted
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  11. Acinetobacter
    baumanni v. lwoffi
    • Gram negative cocci or
    • coccobaccilli

    • SX:
    • infections acquired in hospital, UTI, skin and upper respiratory

    • Opportunistic, grows in catheters
    • and simple venous lines
    • Gram Negative Bacteria
  12. Chlamydia
    • Very short little gram negative
    • rods

    SX: men- thin grey/white d/c penis

    • women- increase vaginal d/c,
    • painful urination, lower abdominal pain

    • Doesn’t have the ability to
    • synthesize own ATP, obligate intracellular parasite of other animals (humans)

    • Pathogenic, sexually
    • transmitted disease
    • Transitional Bacteria
  13. Rickettsia
    Small gram negative rod

    • Can’t synthesize own NAD, coenzyme
    • A, obligate intracellular parasite

    • Pathogenic, alternate between
    • mammalian host and bloodsucking arthropods
    • Transitional Bacteria
  14. Mycoplasma
    • Gram positive only because they
    • take in dye

    • Transitional- doesn’t hold stain
    • well

    Have no cell wall

    PCN doesn’t work

    • Pathogenic
    • Transitional Bacteria
  15. Staphylococcus
    aureus- MRSA
    • Gram positive
    • cocci

    • SX: diarrhea and
    • vomiting, orthostatic blood pressure

    • Pathogenic, food
    • poisoning
    • Gram Positive Bacteria
  16. Streptococcus
    pyogenes
    • Gram positive
    • cocci

    • SX: orthostatic
    • blood pressure, strep throat, red throat, film on throat with tiny hemorrhages,
    • swollen and tender lymph-nodes in neck

    • No antibiotic resistance
    • Gram Positive Bacteria
  17. Bacillus cereus (aka Bacillus thuringiensis)
    • Gram positive
    • endospore forming rod

    • SX: emesis,
    • nausea, diarrhea (food poisoning)

    • Pathogenic, food
    • poisoning associated with carbohydrates

    • aka BT a natural
    • insecticide
    • Gram Positive Bacteria
  18. Clostridium
    perfringens
    • causative agent
    • Gangrene

    • Gram positive
    • endospore forming rod

    • SX: pain, edema, increase swelling in area,
    • blackened necrotic tissue filled with bubbles of gas

    • Opportunistic,
    • anaerobic bacteria
    • Gram Positive Bacteria
  19. Corynebacterium
    diphtheria
    Causative agent of diphtheria

    • Coryneforms are pleomorphic and
    • considered acid -fast

    • Non-spore forming, gram-positive
    • club-shaped

    • SX:
    • mild sore throat and fever, fatigue, swelling of the neck and white/grey
    • membrane forms on tonsils and throats, heart and kidney failure with paralysis
    • may follow

    • Pathogenic, exotoxin is
    • secreted
    • Gram Positive Bacteria
  20. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    Causative agent of tuberculosis

    • Mycobacteria, gram positive and
    • acid-fast rod

    • SX:
    • fever, weight-loss, cough, sputum production

    • Respiratory pathogen
    • Gram Positive Bacteria
  21. Mycobacterium
    avium intracellulare complex (MAC)
    • causative agent of atypical
    • tuberculosis in the ICP

    • Mycobacteria, gram positive and
    • acid-fast rod

    • SX: chronic productive cough,
    • develop lesions in lungs, drenching sweats, abdominal pain

    • Opportunistic pathogen of ICP and
    • AIDS patients
    • Gram Positive Bacteria

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