Chp. 13 and 15 COMBINED Vocab

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adamah115
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111784
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Chp. 13 and 15 COMBINED Vocab
Updated:
2011-10-24 15:13:11
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sci chp13
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Science Chp.13 (Energy & Energy Resources) and Chp. 15 (Thermal Energy)
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  1. An energy source that cannot be replaced
    Nonrenewable resource
  2. an energy source that can be replinished
    renewable resource
  3. Energy generation that is being developed to be more safe for the enviorment
    Alternative Resources
  4. an energy source that can not be used up by humans
    inexhaustible resource
  5. a device that transforms radiant energy into electrical energy
    photovoltaic
  6. the ability to cause change
    energy
  7. the energy an object has due to its motion
    Kinetic energy
  8. the energy stored in an object because of its position
    potential energy
  9. the energy that increases as its temperature increases. All objects have it. (
    thermal energy
  10. the energy stored in chemical bonds
    chemical energy
  11. the energy carried by light
    radiant energy
  12. energy carried by an electrical current
    electrical energy
  13. energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
    nuclear energy
  14. the law that states that energy is never created or destroyed. The only thing that changes in energy is the for in which it appears.
    The Law of Conservation of Energy
  15. a device that transforms kinetic energy into electrical energy.
    Generator
  16. contains a set of narrowly spaced fan blades. The steam pushes on the blade and rotates a shaft which rotates a generator
    Turbine
  17. a measure of the average value of the kinetic energy of the molecules in random motion.
    Temperature
  18. the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the molecules in an object. (Chp.15 definition)
    Thermal Energy
  19. the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another when the objects are at different temp.
    Heat
  20. occurs when particles in a material collide with neighboring particles
    Conduction
  21. occurs when energy is transferred by electromagnetic waves
    radiation
  22. transfer of thermal energy from one part of a material to another
    Convection
  23. material that easily transfers thermal energy.
    conductor
  24. the amount of thermal energy needed to raise the termerature of 1 kg of the material by 1 degree celsius
    specific heat
  25. the increase in the temperature of a body of water.
    thermal pollution
  26. a device that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy.
    Heat engine
  27. where the fuel burns in a combustion chamber inside the engine.
    internal combustion engine

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