Ch. 17 Loss Control
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What is the core of everything the FD does?
Used to minimize damage & provide customer service through effective mitigation & recovery efforts before, during, & after incidents
Consists of those operations associated with FF that aid in primary & secondary damage during operation
What should be developed to address well coordinate salvage operations?
When can salvage operations often be started?
At the same time as the fire attack
Caused by the fire
Caused by suppression activities
When does salvage start?
As soon as adequate personnel is available
Operations involved in searching for & extinguishing hidden or remaining fires
How can you minimize salvage cover usage?
By grouping contents into compact piles that can be covered
Why should furniture be raised off of the wet floor?
Because it will absorb water & can be damaged even if it is covered
Why are display shelves in commercial buildings so difficult to cover?
- They are built to the ceiling & directly against the wall
- Contents stacked against ceiling also present a problem
- There should be enough space to easily apply salvage covers
- Salvage cover arrangement that channels excess water from a building
- A modified version can be made from larger sizes of fire hose
What can happen when boxed materials or rolled paper has become wet at the bottom?
It can cause a collapse of the material
- Waterproof cover made of cotton duck, plastic, or other material used by FD to protect furniture and other areas from exposure to heat, smoke, and water damage.
- Many FD use disposable plastic covers
- Heavy-duty plastic is available on rolls & can be rolled out to cover large areas
Why are display shelves generally difficult to cover?
Because they are built to ceiling and against the wall, leaving no place to put the tarp
How can you increase the service life of salvage covers?
With proper cleaning, drying & repairing
Which type of salvage cover should be completely dry before folding?
- Prevents mildew and rot
How are salvage covers cleaned?
With soap, water, & a stiff broom
How should covers be examined for damage?
- FF's lift the cover over their heads and look up toward the light, spotting any holes in the tarp.
- Holes should then be marked with chalk or a pen
- Can be repaired with duct tape (adhesive tape)
What dictates which apparatus carries the covers and which personnel will performs primary salvage?
Typical Salvage Equipment
- Electrician's pliers
- Tin snips
- Wrecking bar
- Duct tape
- Sprinkler kit
- Used to carry debris, catch falling debris, & provide a water basin for immersing small burning objects
- Used to remove debris from a structure
- Costly floor coverings can be ruined by FF's
- Can be unrolled from an entrance to almost any point of a structure
- Used to protect carpet & hardwood floors
- Used to remove water from basements, elevator shafts, & sumps
- A sump-pump is one type
- Can be used to dewater floors, carpet, and other areas where water is not deep enough to be picked up by a pump
- Back-pack tanks are 4-5 gallons
- Floor models up to 20 gallons
Driven into walls r wood frames to provide a strong point from which to hang things
How is a water chute constructed?
With a salvage cover or floor runner wrapped around two pike poles
- Retaining basin made from salvage covers, to impound water dripping from above
- Can be attached to a water chute to transfer water outside
What is the first consideration during overhaul?
Steps to establish safe conditions
- Inspect the premises
- Develop an operational plan
- Provide needed tools & equipment
- Eliminate or mitigate hazards
What is the most common & dangerous threat during overhaul?
When can SCBA's be removed?
When the atmosphere has been monitored to ensure that it is safe
Tools used for overhaul
- Pike poles & plaster hooks
- Prying tools
- Power saws
Safety considerations during overhaul
- Continue to work in teams of two or more
- Maintain awareness of exit routes
- Maintain a RIC throughout operation
- Monitor personnel for the need for rehab
- Beware of hidden gases or electrical utilities
- Continue using the accountability system until the incident is terminated
What are two important factors that affect the condition of the building?
The intensity of the fire & the amount of water used for its control
Signs of possible structural integrity loss
- Weakened floors
- Spalled concrete
- Weakened steel roof members
- Walls offset because of elongation of roof supports
- Weakened roof trusses
- Mortor opened in wall joints
- Water pooled on upper floors
- Wet insulation
What are the four ways that FF's can detect hidden fires?
- Electronic sensors
Indicators of detection by sight
- Discoloration of materials
- Peeling paint
- Smoke emissions from cracks
- Cracked plaster
- Rippled wallpaper
- Burned areas
Detection by touch
Feel walls and floors for heat with the back of the hand
Detection by sound
- Popping or cracking of fire burning
- Hissing of steam
Detection by electronic sensors
- Thermal signature detection with TIC
- Infrared heat detection
Where does overhaul typically begin?
- In the area of most severe fire involvement
- The process of looking for fire extension should begin as soon as possible after fire is under control
Where should you postion yourself during overhaul?
Between the area being pulled and the doorway to keep the exit route being blocked with falling debris
What are some tools found in a sprinkler kit?
- Sprinkler tongs
- Wooden sprinkler wedges
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