Chapter 7

Card Set Information

Author:
awander084
ID:
111818
Filename:
Chapter 7
Updated:
2011-10-24 16:54:34
Tags:
Medical Term
Folders:

Description:
Respiratory System
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user awander084 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. tasteless, colorless, odorless gas produced by body cells during the metabolic process
    carbon dioxide (CO2)
  2. Tough, elastic connective tissue that is more rigid than ligaments but less dense than bone
    • cartilage
  3. a hairlike structure
    cilia
  4. moving or spreading out of a substance at random, rather than by chemical reaction or application of external forces
    diffuse
  5. state in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain a constant internal environment despite changes in the external environment
    • homestasis
  6. moist tissue layer lining hollow organs and cavities of the body that open to the environment
    mucous membrane
  7. tasteless, colorless, odorless gas essential for human respiration
    • oxygen
  8. symbol that indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance
    pH
  9. wall dividing two cavities such as the nasal septum, which separates the two nostrils
    • septum
  10. thin layer of tissue that covers internal body cavities, the cells of which secrete a fluid that keeps the membrane moist
    serous membrane
  11. nas/o
    • nose
  12. rhin/o
    • nose
  13. sept/o
    septum
  14. sinus/o
    sinus, cavity
  15. adenoid/o
    adenoids
  16. tonsill/o
    • tonsils
  17. pharyng/o
    pharynx (throat)
  18. epiglott/o
    epiglottis
  19. laryng/o
    • larynx (voice box)
  20. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  21. bronchi/o or bronch/o
    brunchus
  22. bronchiol/o
    bronchiole
  23. alveol/o
    alveolus; air sac
  24. pleur/o
    pleura
  25. pneum/o or pneumon/o
    air, lung
  26. pulmon/o
    • lung
  27. anthrac/o
    • coal, coal dust
  28. atel/o
    incomplete; imperfect
  29. coni/o
    • dust
  30. cyan/o
    blue
  31. lob/o
    lobe
  32. orth/o
    straight
  33. ox/i or ox/o
    • oxygen
  34. pector/o
    • chest
  35. steth/o
    • chest
  36. thorac/o
    • chest
  37. phren/o
    diaphragm
  38. spir/o
    • breathe
  39. capnia
    carbon dioxide
  40. osmia
    • smell
  41. phonia
    • voice
  42. pnea
    • breathing
  43. ptysis
    • spitting
  44. thorax
    chest
  45. brady
    • slow
  46. dys
    • bad; painful; difficult
  47. eu
    good; normal
  48. tachy
    • rapid
  49. tube for air and food; 3 sections
    pharynx
  50. seals off air passage to the lungs during swallowing
    epiglottis
  51. divide into lobes; 3 in the right and 2 in the left
    lungs
  52. space between the right and left lung
    Mediastinum
  53. pulmonology
    medical specialty concern with disorders of the respiratory system
  54. pulmonologist
    physician who treats disorders of the respiratory system
  55. (COPD) collection of repiratory disorders characterized by chronic parial obstruction of the air passages
    Chronic Obstruction Pulmonary Disease
  56. disease that causes alveoli of the lungs to lose elasticity, barrel chest appearance
    emphysema
  57. spasms in the bronchial passages that may be sudden and violent and lead to dyspnea (painful breathing)
    asthma
  58. inflammation of the bronchi cause mainly by smoking and air pollution
    chronic bronchitis
  59. also known as the flu, acute infectious respiratory disease
    influenza
  60. flu; world epidemics
    type A and B (pandemics)
  61. mild flu not associated with epidemic
    type C
  62. excess of fluid in the pleural cavity
    Pleural Effusion
  63. listening to the sounds of the chest cavity with a stethoscope
    Auscultation
  64. gently tapping the chest with the fingers to determine the position , size, or consistency of the underlying structures
    percussion
  65. pus in the pleural space
    empyema
  66. serum in the peural space
    hydrothroax
  67. blood in the pleural space
    hemothorax
  68. air in the pleural space
    pneumothorax
  69. infectious disease of the lungs; abbreviated TB
    caused by droplets of respiratory secretions of infected individuals through cough, sneeze, or laughing
    Tuberculosis
  70. inflammatory disease of the lungs, caused by bacteria, virus, or fungi
    pneumonia
  71. spitting of blood
    hemoptysis
  72. rapid breathing
    tachypnea
  73. hereditary disorder affects lungs, pancreas, and digestive tract
    Cystic fibrosis
  74. excessive acidity of body fluids
    acidosis
  75. absence of the sence of smell
    anosmia
  76. temporary loss of breathing
    apnea
  77. dificiency of oxygen in tissues
    hypoxia
  78. dificiency of oxygen in the blood
    hypoxemia
  79. head cold; upper respiratory infection
    coryza
  80. common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes lungs
    croup
  81. repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, than shallow, than not at all
    cheyne-Strokes respiration
  82. nosebleed
    epistaxis
  83. acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound
    pertussis
  84. abnormal respiratory sound heard on ausculation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli;
    crackle or rale
  85. disease caused by inhaling dust particles
    pneumoconiosis
  86. accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli
    pulmonary edema
  87. blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by mass of undissolved matter
    pulmonary embolus
  88. abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation
    rhonchus
  89. high-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling in the larynx or an obstruction of the upper airway
    stridor
  90. completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age
    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  91. whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway
    wheeze
  92. intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen
    Mantoux test
  93. noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen aka pulse ox
    oximetry
  94. multiple tests used to evaluate the ability if the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane
    pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
  95. measurement of venitlatory ability by assessing lung capacity and flow
    spirometry
  96. test that measures partical pressure of oxygen, carbon dioxide, pH, and bicarbonate level of an arterial blood sample
    arterial blood gas (ABG)
  97. excision of part of the pleura
    pleurectomy
  98. excision of a lung
    pneumectomy
  99. reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes
    rhinoplasty
  100. surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity
    thoracentesis
  101. block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues
    ex)claritin
    antihistamines
  102. relieve or suppress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in the medulla of the brain
    ex)vicks
    antitussives
  103. stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, thereby expanding air passages, resulting in increased air flow
    ex)ventolin
    bronchodilators
  104. constrict blood vessels of nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissue to shrink so that air can pass more freely through the passages
    (reduce congestion)
    ex)sudafed
    decongestants
  105. facilitate the removal of secretions
    ex) robittusin
    expectorants
  106. arterial blood gas
    ABG
  107. anteroposterior
    AP
  108. acute respiratory distress syndrome
    ARDS
  109. carbon dioxide
    CO2
  110. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    COPD
  111. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    CPR
  112. computed tomography
    CT
  113. chest x-ray, chest radiograph
    CXR
  114. history
    Hx
  115. intermittent positive-pressure breathing
    IPPB
  116. magnetic resonance imaging
    MRI
  117. oxygen
    O2
  118. pneumonia; primary care physician
    PCP
  119. pulmonary function test
    PFT
  120. Sudden infant death syndrome
    SIDS
  121. shortness of breath
    SOB
  122. tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
    T&A
  123. tuberculosis
    TB
  124. temperature, pulse, and respiration
    TPR
  125. upper respiratory infection
    URI

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview