NURS1921 Exam IV Muscular skeletal Assessment

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Author:
JARoberts
ID:
111820
Filename:
NURS1921 Exam IV Muscular skeletal Assessment
Updated:
2011-10-24 17:02:52
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NURS1921 Exam IV Muscular skeletal Assessment
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Based on Lecture by Mrs. Robertson
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  1. What is being inspected/palpated with the muscles in a musculoskeletal assessment?
    • Size
    • Symmetry
    • Tone
    • Tenderness
  2. What is being inspected/palpated with the joints in a musculoskeletal assessment?
    • Size
    • Symmetry
    • Redness
    • Edema
    • Pain
    • Crepitus - indication of low synovial fluid
  3. Active vs. Passive ROM
    • Active - Pt can do it alone
    • Passive - Can do it w/ nurse assisstance
  4. What is a contracture?
    • Frozen ligaments r/t decreased or absent ROM which requires Sx to repair.
    • ROM should be assess q shift
  5. How is muscle strength rated?
    • On a scale of 5-0
    • 5 = normal; full ROM against gravity and resistance
    • 0 = Undetectable
  6. What are geriatric considerations when assess the musculoskeletal system?
    • Muscle mass decreases
    • Bones are more fragile
    • Decrease in speed, strength, reaction time and coordination due to decreased nerve conduction and muscle tone.
    • Increased prevalence of osteoarthritic changes in joints

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