W&I test2(part 2)

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Author:
Ted
ID:
11185
Filename:
W&I test2(part 2)
Updated:
2010-03-20 15:41:01
Tags:
Nutritional needs during pregnancy Pica anemia iron deficiency thalassemia
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Nutritional needs during pregnancy
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  1. All women capable of becoming pregnant should be advised to consume 400 mcg of ____ ____ daily.
    All women capable of becoming pregnant should be advised to consume _____ of folic acid daily
  2. Folic acid is thought to do what in pregnant women?
    _____ ____is thought to minimize the risk of neural tube defects in pregnant women
  3. Typically a pregnant women needs to increase in her intake of food by ____ per day in the 2nd and 3rd trimester.
    Typically a pregnant women needs to increase in her intake of food by 300 kcal per day in the ____ and ___ trimester.
  4. How many additional kcal a day does a woman need when she is nursing.
    A woman need an additional 500 kcal a day when _____.
  5. Typically a woman should gain about ____-___ lbs during pregnancy. ____-____ lbs in the 1st trimester and about ___–__ lbs a week after that.
    Typically a woman should gain about 25-40 lbs during pregnancy. 3-5 lbs in the ___ trimester and about 1/2 – 1 lbs a week after that.
  6. Name some protein sources for pregnant women that are considered complete
    Milk, meat, eggs, and cheese are considered complete sources of _____ for pregnant women.
  7. Pregnant vegitarians should be ok if they consume what source of protein?
    Pregnant vegitarians should be ok if they consume dairy and eggs as a source of _____?
  8. What are some considerations for pregnant vegans? (2)
    • 1) They may need a dietary consult to help ensure complete proteins
    • 2) B12 supplements or fortified foods

    These are considerations for pregnant ________.
  9. How much Calcium does a pregnant women need per day? What if she's under age 18?
    A pregnant woman needs 1300 mg of _____ a day. 1000 mg a day if shes under 18.
  10. How much Iron does a pregnant women need per day?
    A pregnant woman needs 30 mg of _____ a day.
  11. How much Folate does a pregnant women need per day?
    A pregnant woman needs 600 mcg of _____ a day.
  12. How much fluids does a pregnant women need per day?
    A pregnant woman need of 6-8 glasses of _____ a day.
  13. What is a dietary sourse of calcium for pregnant women? (4)
    • 1) Dairy products
    • 2) Fish eaten with bones
    • 3) Calcium set tofu
    • 4) TUMS

    These are all sources of that nutrient for pregnant women.
  14. What is a dietary sourse of Iron for pregnant women? (4)
    • 1) Meats
    • 2) Whole grains or enriched breads and cereals
    • 3) Legumes
    • 4) Dried fruits

    These are all sources of what nutrient that pregnant women need?
  15. What is a dietary sourse of Folate for pregnant women? (3)
    • 1) Prenatal vitamins
    • 2) Fortified grains, and cereals
    • 3) Green leafy veggies

    These are all sources of what nutrient that pregnant women need?
  16. A pregnant women should limit her caffeinated beverages to less than _____a day.
    About how much coffee is that?
    • A pregnant women should limit her ________ beverages to less than 300 mg a day.
    • Thats about 500-750 ml of coffee
  17. The artificial sweetener Aspartame is approved for pregnany but not if the patient has _____.
    PKU would be a contraintication to the use of what artificial sweetener because it contains phenylalanine?
  18. Are artificial sweeteners ok to use during pregnancy?
    Yes, with the exception of Aspertame if the patient has PKU
  19. What is pica?
    It's the practice of consuming nonfood substances (clay, dirt, laundry starch) or excessive amount of foodstuffs low in nutritional value (cornstarch, ice, baking powder, baking soda).
  20. Pica is most common in what ethnic groups
    _____ is most common in African American women and women form rural areas.
  21. To much Vit A can cause what in pregnancy?
    To much _____ can cause birth defects in pregnancy
  22. What are the additional caloric needs of a pregnant women versus prepregnancy?
    A pregnant women will need an additional 500 kcal compared to _________.
  23. What is the best guide when judging the increased fluid needs of a pregnant woman?
    A mothers thirst level is the best guide in determining the increased ______ needs of a pregnant woman.
  24. What's the most common medical disorder in pregnancy?
    Anemia is the most common medical disorder in pregnancy.
  25. What's a normal HCT range in a woman?
    What's a normal HCT range in a pregnant woman?
    • The normal ____ range for a woman is 37-47%
    • The normal ____ range for a pregnant woman is 33%
  26. The normal Hgb range in pregnancy is: ____ g/dl (1st trimester), and ___ g/dl (2nd, 3rd trimesters)
    The normal ____ range in pregnancy is: 11 g/dl (1st trimester)/10.5 g/dl (2nd, 3rd trimesters)
  27. What are some causes of Anemia in pregnant women? (3)
    • 1) Iron deficiency
    • 2) Thalassemia
    • 3) Sickle cell hemoglobinopathy

    These can all causes ______ in pregnant women.
  28. What are the maternal risks with anemia. (3)
    • 1) Poor tolerance of blood loss with delivery
    • 2) Increased risk for transfusions
    • 3) Increased risk for infection

    These are all maternal risks with ______.
  29. What is a fetal issue if anemia is chronically low?
    Fetal growth is an issues if _____ is chronically low.
  30. Whats the most common reason for anemia in pregnancy?
    Iron deficiency is the most common reason for _____ in pregnancy.
  31. If a pregnant woman is iron deficient how much elemental iron should she take a day?
    When would a pregnant woman take 0-120 mg of iron a day?
  32. If a woman is iron defiencent what should you do. (2)
    • 1) Inquire about pica
    • 2) Encourage foods high in Fe and ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

    These are two things you should do if a woman is _____ _____.
  33. Define Thalassemia
    _______ is a genetic defect of one or both chains of the hgb molecule

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