Psych Ch 5

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Author:
tomovl11
ID:
111856
Filename:
Psych Ch 5
Updated:
2011-10-24 18:52:14
Tags:
states consciousness
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Description:
modules 14, 15, 16
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  1. the state of transition between wakefulness and sleep, characterized by relatively rapid, low-amplitude brain waves
    stage 1 sleep
  2. a sleep deeper than that of stage 1, characterized by a slower, more regular wave pattern, along with momentary interruptions of "sleep spindles"
    stage 2 sleep
  3. a sleep characterized by slow brain waves, with greater peaks and valleys in the wave pattern than in stage 2 sleep
    stage 3 sleep
  4. the deepest stage of sleep, during which we are least responsive to outside stmulation
    stage 4 sleep
  5. sleep occupying 20% of an adults sleeping time, characterized by increased heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate; erections; eye movements; experience of dreaming
    REM sleep
  6. Sigmund Freud's theory that dreams represent unconscious wishes that dreamers desire to see fulfilled
    unconscious wish fulfillment
  7. according to Freud, the "disguised" meanings of dreams, hidden by more obvious subjects
    latent contents of dreams
  8. according to Freud, the apparent storyline of dreams
    manifest content of dreams
  9. the theory that suggested that dreams permit information that is critical for our daily survival to be reconsidered and reprocessed during sleep
    dreams-for-survival theory
  10. Hobsom's theory that the brain produces random electrical energy during REM sleep that stimulatess memories stored in the brain
    activation-synthesis theory
  11. biological process that occurs regularly on approx. 24 hr cycle
    circadian rhythms
  12. fantasies that people construct while awake
    daydreams
  13. a trancelike state of heightened susceptibility to the suggestions of others
    hypnosis
  14. a learned technique for refocusing attention that brings about an altered state of consciousness
    meditation
  15. drugs that influence a persons emotions, perceptions, and behavior
    psychoactive drugs
  16. drugs that produce biological or psychological dependence in the user so that withdrawal from them leads to a craving for the drug that, in some cases, may be nearly irrresistable
    addictive drugs
  17. drugs that have an arousal effect on the central nervous system, causing a rise in heart rate, blood pressure, and muscular tension
    stimulants
  18. drugs that slow down the nervous system
    depressants
  19. drugs that increase relaxation and relieve pain and anxiety
    narcotics
  20. a drug that is capable of producing hallucinations, or changes in the perceptual process
    hallucinogen

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