Substance Abuse

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Substance Abuse
2011-10-24 18:55:33
substance abuse

Midterm #1 Cards
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  1. psychoactive drug
    any substance that directly alters the normal functioning of the central nervous system

    can include compulsive behaviors (eg. gambling) that do the same
  2. 1. uppers
    2. downers
    3. all arounders
    • 1. stimulants
    • 2. depressants
    • 3. psychedelics
  3. examples of uppers
    cocaine, amphetamines, amphetamine congeners, plant stimulants, look-alike stimulants, caffeine, and nicotine (pg 1.36)
  4. physical effects of uppers
    energized muscles, increased alertness, insomnia, inc heart rate and blood pressure, dec appetite
  5. mental/ emotional effects of uppers
    feel more confident, excited, outgoing, and eager to perform. cause a rush or a high. jitters, anxiety, anger, rapid speech, agressiveness
  6. 4 categories of downers
    • 1. opiates and opioids
    • 2. sedative-hypnotics
    • 3. alcohol
    • 4. others
  7. physical effects of downers
    slows heart rate and respiration, relaxes muscles, dec coordination, induces sleep, dulls the senses, and diminishes pain.
  8. mental/ emotional effects of downers
    • initially, lower inhibitions thus inducing freer behavior
    • as more is taken, relaxing and dulling mind, diminshing anxiey, controlling some neuroses
  9. 5 categories of all arounders
    • 1. indoles (LSD)
    • 2. phenylalkylamines (MDMA)
    • 3. anticholinergics (belladonna)
    • 4. cannabinoids (marijuana)
    • 5. others (ketamine)
  10. physical effects of all arounders
    • nausea and dizziness.
    • weed: inc appetite, eyes=bloodshot
    • LSD: raises blood pressure, sweating
    • Ecstasy and LSD: act like stimulant
  11. mental/emotional effects of all arounders
    distort sensory messages to and from the brain stem. therefore, external stimuli are intensified. can also have hallucinations and delusions.