Psych Ch 6

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Anonymous
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111901
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Psych Ch 6
Updated:
2011-10-24 21:10:50
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learning
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modules 17, 18, 19
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  1. a relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience
    learning
  2. a type oof learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a response after it is paired with a stimulus that naturally brings about that response
    classical conditioning
  3. a stimulus that, before conditioning, does not naturally bring about the response of interest
    neutral stimulus
  4. a stimulus taht naturally brings about a particular response without having been learned
    unconditioned stimulus
  5. a response that is natural and needs no training (salivation at the smell of food)
    unconditioned response
  6. a once neutral stimulus taht has been paired with an unconditioned stimulus to bring about a response formerly caused only by the unconditioned stimulus
    conditioned stimulus
  7. a response that, after conditioning, follows a previously neutral stimulus (salivation at the ringing of a bell)
    conditioned response
  8. a basic phenomenon of learning that occurs when a previously conditioned response decreases in frequency and eventually disappears
    extinction
  9. the reemergence of an extinguished conditioned response after a period of rest and with no further conditioning
    spontaneous recovery
  10. a process in which, after a stimulus has been conditioned to prodice a particular response, stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus produce the same response
    stimlus generalization
  11. the process that occurs if two stimuli are sufficiently distinct from one another that one evokes a conditioned response but the other does not; the ability to differentiate between stimuli
    stimulus discrimination
  12. learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened, depending on its favorable or unfavorable consequences
    operant conditioning
  13. the process by which a stimulus increases the probability that a preceding behavior will be repeated
    reinforcement
  14. any stimulus that increases the probability that a preceding behavior will occur again
    reinforcer
  15. a stimulus that decreases the probability that a previous behavior will occur again
    punishment
  16. a stimulus added to the environment that brings about an increase in a proceding response
    positive reinforcer
  17. an unpleasant stimulus whose removal leads to an increase in the probability that a preceding response will be repeated in the future
    negative reinforcer
  18. different patterns of frequency and timing of reinforcement following desired behavior
    schedules of reinforcement
  19. reinforcing of a bahavior every time it occurs
    continuous reinforcement schedule
  20. reinforcing of a behavior some but not all of the time
    partial / intermittent reinforcement schedule
  21. a schedule by which reinforcement is given only after a specific number of responses are made
    fixed-ratio schedule
  22. a schedule by which reinforcement occurs after a varying number of responses rather than after a fixed number
    variable- ratio schedule
  23. a schedule that provides reinforcement for a response only if a fixed time period had elapsed, making overall rates of response relatively low
    fixed-interval schedule
  24. a schedule by which the time between reinforcement varies around some average rather than being fixed
    variable-interval schedule
  25. the process of teaching a complex behavior by rewarding closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior
    shaping
  26. s formalized technique for promoting the frequency of desirable behaviors and decreasing the incidence of unwanted ones
    behavior modification
  27. an approach to the study of learning that focuses on the thought processes that underlie learning
    cognitive learning theory
  28. learning in which a new behavior is acquired but is not demonstrated until some incentive is provided for displaying it
    latent learning
  29. learning by observing the behavior of another person, or model
    observational learning

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