A&P II Midterm 2

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brittanysparks
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111963
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A&P II Midterm 2
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2011-11-07 00:19:28
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II Midterm
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A&P II Midterm 2
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  1. Which immunoglobin is involved with allergic reactions
    IgE
  2. Which immunoglobin is most common in bodily secretions or mucosal surfaces and prevent bacteria from attaching to mucosa (ex. tears, saliva etc.)
    IgA
  3. Which immunoglobin is most abundant in the blood
    IgG
  4. Which immunoglobin is know as the first responders or "Marines"
    IgM
  5. Which immunoglobin is in colostrum, saliva and amniotic fluid
    IgD
  6. The difference between systolic and diastolic pressure is called the ________
    Pulse pressue
  7. Violent cell death (injured cells) is referred to as
    Necrosis
  8. The maximum amount of air a person can exhale after the deepest inhalation possible
    Vital Capacity
  9. The air that remains in the lungs that remains as dead air space
    Residual volume
  10. The amount of air that moves in and out with relaxed breathing
    Tidal volume
  11. Edema of the vocal chords is called
    Laryngitis or Dysphonia
  12. The term for potassium deficiency
    Hypokalemia
  13. Humoral immunity involves what type of cells to produce antibodies
    B cells or B lymphocytes
  14. ______ is what initiates the immune response
    Antogenic site
  15. Cell mediated immunity involves what type of cells and deals with fungal infections, cancer and viruses
    T cells or T lymphocytes
  16. Programed cell death is referred to as
    Apotosis
  17. The process of coating the antigen with antibodies to enhance phagocytosis
    Opsonization
  18. Antibodies have the ability to cause the antigens/bacteria to clump together
    Aggultination
  19. Medical term for sore throat
    Pharyngitis
  20. The term for the growth of new blood vessels
    Angogensis
  21. Immunoglobins are also called
    antibodies
  22. Inactive B or T lymphocytes are referred to as
    Naive
  23. A large cell in which antibodies are cloned to resist a specific antigen
    Plasma
  24. A measured amount of a specific antibody in the plasma
    Titer
  25. In the lungs one bronchi and all the aveoli it delivers oxygen to is called
    lobule
  26. Substance that lines the lung tissue to keep the lungs from collapsing
    Surfactant
  27. Name of the tissue that lines the outside of the lung cavity
    Pleura
  28. Name of the lympatic tissues in the small intestine that absorb lipoproteins
    Lacteals
  29. All substances that provoke a specific immune response from the body are
    Antigens
  30. The bodies ability to keep free from disease
    Immunity
  31. An over whelming amount of foreign agents and failure of the immune system to act properly
    Disease
  32. Foreign molecules too small to cause an immune response are called
    Haptens
  33. A specific region on a bacteria where antibodies react
    Epitope
  34. Term for any of the throat areas
    Pharynx
  35. Name of the valve between the small intestine and the large intestine
    Iliocecal valve
  36. The last 8 inches of the intestinal tube is called the
    Rectum
  37. Circular folds in the small intestine that contain villi
    Plicae
  38. The folds of the stomach are called
    Rugae
  39. A condition of abnormal sac-like pouching in the large intestines that are inflamed
    Diverticulitis
  40. Inflammation of the stomach just short of an ulcer
    Gastritis or Enteritis
  41. autoimmune problem with colon, generally end up cutting out sections of the colon
    Chrome's Disease
  42. Gall stone formation
    Cholelithiasis
  43. Any inflammatory condition of the large intestine or colon
    Colitis
  44. Inflammation of the gallbladder is called
    Cholecystitis
  45. Name of the mixture of food and gastric juices that gets ejected into the small intestine about every 20 seconds after a meal
    Chyme
  46. Name of the sphincter between the lower esophagus and the stomach
    Cardiac
  47. Middle section of the small intestine
    Jejunum
  48. Longest segment of the small intestine at about 12 feet long
    Ileum
  49. Phagocytic cells located in the liver are called
    Kupffer cells
  50. Cells in the stomach that produce HCL and intrinsic factor
    Parietal
  51. Name of the hole in the diaphragm that the esophagus passes through is the
    esophegeal hiatus
  52. Name of the sphincter between the stomach and the small intestine
    Pyloric
  53. Appendix is located in which part of the intestine
    Cecum
  54. There are chemoreceptors in the aortic arch and in other large arteries above the heart that detect too much CO2
    True
  55. A damaged liver or kidney can be a cause for edema
    True
  56. Turbulent flow at the heart valves creates the heart sounds
    True
  57. A blood test indicating low TSH can indicate a high risk of cardiovascular disease
    True
  58. Lymph is pumped into the venous system during expiration
    False, during inspiration
  59. An example of artifically acquired active immunity would be a shot of gammaglobin
    False, Artifical passive
  60. On expiration the diaphragm will flatten
    False, inspiration
  61. There is an area in the medulla oblongada of the brain that signals when to exhale
    False, inhale or inspiration
  62. Medulla oblongada stimulates inspiration which is stimulated by too much
    CO2 and hydrogen ions
  63. Aquired from being exposed to the disease process
    Natural Active
  64. Aquired from exposure to the bug via vaccine
    Artificial Active
  65. Aquired from exposure to antibodies in a natural way via mother nursing or passed to fetus
    Natural Passive
  66. Aquired from exposure to antibodies via orally or through a vaccine (ex. gammaglobulin shot)
    Artificial Passive
  67. Functional unit of the kidney
    Nepheron
  68. Glucose in the urine
    Glycosuria
  69. Blood in urine
    Hematuria
  70. Puss in the urine
    Pyuria
  71. Painful urination
    Disuria
  72. Unusually amounts of urine
    Polyuria
  73. Scant/little amount (ex. dehydration)
    Olguria
  74. Absence of urine (ex. swollen prostate)
    Anuria
  75. Too much protein (albumin)
    Proteinuria
  76. Incontinence or losing control of voiding
    Neurogenic bladder

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