Chapter 9

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bwanderoa
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111970
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Chapter 9
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2011-10-25 02:48:59
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Medical Term
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Blood Lymph and Immune System
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  1. protective protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to presence of a foreign substance called an antigen
    antibody
  2. substance recognized as harmful to the host and stimulates formation of antibodies in an immuncompetent individual
    antigen
  3. substances derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin, produced by the liver, and excreted in the form of bile
    bile pigments
  4. chemical substances produced by certain cells that initiate, inhibit, increase or decrease activity in other cells
    cytokines
  5. all body fluids found outside cells, including interstitial fluid, plasm, lymph and cerebrospinal fluid
    extracellular fluid
  6. organism that maintains or harbors another organism
    host
  7. ability to develop an immune responce, or the ability to recognize antigens and respond tp them
    immunocompetent
  8. specialized lymphocytes that kill abnormal cells by releasing chemicals that destroy the cell membrane causing its intercelluar fluids to leak out
    natural killer cells
  9. aden/o
    gland
  10. agglitin/o
    clumping, gluing
  11. bas/o
    base (alkaline, opposite of acid)
  12. blast/o
    embryonic cell
  13. chrom/o
    color
  14. eosin/o
    dawn (rose-color)
  15. erythr/o
    red
  16. granul/o
    granule
  17. hem/o
    blood
  18. hemat/o
    blood
  19. immun/o
    immune, immunity, safe
  20. kary/o
    nucleus
  21. nucle/o
    nucleaus
  22. leuk/o
    white
  23. lymphaden/o
    lymph gland (node)
  24. lymph/o
    lymph
  25. lymphangi/o
    lymph vessel
  26. morph/o
    form, shape, structure
  27. myel/o
    bone marrow; spinal cord
  28. neutr/o
    neutral, neither
  29. phag/o
    swallowing, eating
  30. plas/o
    formation, growth
  31. poikil/o
    varied, irregular
  32. reticul/o
    net, mesh
  33. ser/o
    serum
  34. sider/o
    iron
  35. splen/o
    spleen
  36. thromb/o
    blood clot
  37. thym/o
    thymus gland
  38. xen/o
    foreign, strange
  39. -blast
    embryonic cell
  40. -emia
    blood condition
  41. -globin
    protein
  42. -graft
    transplantation
  43. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)
  44. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  45. -phil
    attraction for
  46. -phoresis
    carrying, transmission
  47. -phylaxis
    protection
  48. -poiesis
    formation, production
  49. -stasis
    standing, still
  50. a-
    without, not
  51. allo-
    other, differing from the normal
  52. aniso-
    unequal, dissimilar
  53. iso-
    same, equal
  54. macro-
    large
  55. micro-
    small
  56. mono-
    one
  57. poly-
    many, much
  58. condition of marked variation in the size of erythrocytes when observed on a blood smear
    anisocytosis
  59. accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal or pleural cavity
    ascites
  60. presence of viable bacteria circulating in the bloodsteam usually transient in nature
    bacteremia
  61. destruaction of a transplanted organ or tissue by the recipient's immune system
    graft rejection
  62. condition that occurs following bone marrow transplant in which the immune cells in the transplanted marrow produce antibodies against the host's tissues
    graft-versus-host disease
  63. Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space, or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
    hematoma
  64. any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule
    hemoglobinopathy
  65. destruction of RBC's with a release of hemoglobim that diffuses into the surrounding fluid
    hemolysis
  66. arrest of bleeding or circulation
    hemostasis
  67. state of being protected against infectious diseases
    immunity
  68. any disease of the lymph nodes
    lymphadenopathy
  69. malignant neoplastic disorder of lymphatic tissue (not related to Hodgkin disease)
    lymphosarcoma
  70. serious, life-threatening bloodstream infection that may arise from other infections throughout the body, such as pneumonia, urinary tract infection, meningitis, or infections of the bone or GI tract; also called blood infection or blood posioning
    septicemia
  71. laboratory test to detect the presences of antibodies, antigens or immune substances
    serology
  72. blood test that measures the amount of antibodies in blood; commonly used as an indicator of immune status
    titer
  73. test to determine the presence of pathogens in the bloodstream
    blood culture
  74. series of tests that includes hemoglobin; hematocrit; RBC indices; and RBC and WBC morphology
    complete blood count (CBC)
  75. test that enumerates the distribution of WBC's in a stained blood smear by counting the different kinds of WBC's and reporting each as a percent age of the total examined
    differential count (diff)
  76. measurement of the distance RBC's settle to the bottom of a test tube under standardized condition; also called sed rate
    erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)
  77. measurement of the amount of hemoglobin found in a whole blood sample
    hemoglobin (Hgb) value
  78. measurement of the percentage of RBC's in a whole blood sample
    hematocrit (Hct)
  79. non specific rapid serological test for infectious mononucleosis; also called the heterophile antibody test
    monospot
  80. test that measures the lengh of time it takes blood to clot. it screens for deficiencies of some clotting factors and monitors the effectiveness of anticoagulant (heparin) therapy; also called activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)
    partial prothrombin time (PTT)
  81. test that measures the time it takes for the plasma portion of blood to clot. it is used to evaluate portions of the coagulation system; also called pro time
    prothrombin time (PT)
  82. mathematical calculation of the size, volume and concentration of hemoglobin for an RBC
    red blood cell (RBC) indices
  83. test used to assess the absorption of radioactive vitamin B12 by the digestive system
    schiling test
  84. radiographic examination of lymph nodes after injection of a contrast medium
    lymphadenography
  85. radiographic examination of lymph vessels of tissues after injection of contrast medium
    lymphangiography
  86. drawing in or out by suction
    aspiration
  87. representive tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination, usually to establish a diagnosis
    biopsy
  88. removal of a lymph vessel
    lymphangiectomy
  89. infucion of blood or blood components into the bloodstream
    transfusion
  90. transfusion prepared from the recipient's own blood
    autologous
  91. transfusion prepared from another individual whose blood id compatible with that of the recipient
    homologous
  92. graphing of living tissue from its normal position to another site or from one person to another
    transplantation
  93. harvesting, freezing (cryopreserving), and reinfusing the patient's own bone marrow to treat bone marrow hypoplasia following cancer therapy
    auntologous bone marrow
  94. transplantion of bone marrow from one individual to another to treat aplastic anemia, anemia, leukemia, and immunodeficienty disorders
    homologous bone marrow
  95. antibody, abortion
    AB, ab, Ab
  96. blood types in ABO blood group
    A,B, AB, O
  97. acuired immune deficiency syndrome
    AIDS
  98. acute lymphocytic leukemia
    ALL
  99. acute myelogenous leukemia
    AML
  100. antigen-presenting cell
    APC
  101. activated partical thromboplastin time
    APTT
  102. basophil (type of white blood cell)
    baso
  103. complete blood count
    CBC
  104. chronic lymphocytic leukemia
    CLL
  105. differential count (white blood cells)
    diff
  106. Epstein-Barr Virus
    EBV
  107. eosinophil (type of white blood cell)
    eos
  108. erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    ESR
  109. hemoglobin
    Hb, Hgb
  110. hematocrit disease of the newborn
    HDN
  111. human immunodeficiency virus
    HIV
  112. immunoglobulins
    Igs
  113. idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
    ITP
  114. lymphocytes
    lymphos
  115. mean cell hemoglobin (avg, amount of hemoglobin per cell)
    MCH
  116. three types of blood cells
    RBC, WBC, and platelets
  117. erythocytes
    RBC
  118. leukocytes
    WBC
  119. thrombocytes
    platelets
  120. hemocytoblast
    stem cell
  121. develop an iron-containing compound called hemoglobin
    RBC
  122. Protect the body against invasion by pathogens and foreign substances, remove debris from injured tissue, and aid in the healing process
    WBC
  123. Initiate blood clotting when injury occurs- hemostasis
    platelets
  124. substance that initiates clot formation
    thromboplastin
  125. liquid portion of blood in which blood cells are suspended
    plasma
  126. 4 blood groups
    A, B, AB, O
  127. A blood
    A antigen
  128. B blood
    B anitgen
  129. AB blood
    A and B antigen
  130. O blood
    no antigens
  131. serve as a depositories for cellular debris
    lymph nodes
  132. resembles lymph nodes because it acts like a filter removing cellular debris, bacteria, parasites and other infectious agents, also destroys old RBC and acts as repository for healthy blood cells
    spleen
  133. located upper chest and controls the immune system by transforming certain lymphocytes to T cells, the lymphocytes responsibility for cellular immunity
    Thymus Gland
  134. filters to protect the upper respiratory structure from invasion by pathogens, located in the pharynx
    Tonsils
  135. 2 types of lymphocytes
    T cells and B cells


    • –B cells mature in bone marrow
    • –T cells mature in thymus gland
  136. condition in which the Oxygen carrying capacity of blood is deficient
    anemia
  137. Edema Vs. Ascites
    • Edema - fluid collects in tissues
    • Ascites- fluid in a cavity (liquid in a space)
  138. Anemis Vs. Septicemia
    • Anemia is a general term for a blood condition in which that blood has reduced oxygen-carrying capabilities
    • lSepticemia – blood condition in which there is bacteria in the blood
  139. Hemolysis vs. Hemostasis
    • lHemolysis is the destruction of blood
    • •Hemo = blood ; lysis = destruction
    • Hemostasis is the arrest of bleeding
    • •Hemo = blood ; stasis = standing still
    • lCan also have erythrolysis = RBC destruction or leukolysis = WBC destruction or thrombolysis = platelet destruction
  140. Hematoma vs. Hemarthrosis
    • Hematoma is a collection of blood under the skin
    • Hemarthrosis is the collection of blood in a joint space
    • Both are symptoms of hemophilia
  141. splenomegaly vs. spenorrhexis
    • Splenomegaly is an enlarged spleen
    • Splenorrhexis is a ruptured spleen
  142. Exacerbation vs. latent
    • Exacerbation is an acute phase of a chronic condition
    • Latent is a recession phase of a chronic condition
    • Leukemia can have exacerbation periods and latent periods

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