Comparative Test 3 (Set 4)

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mc166589
ID:
112057
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Comparative Test 3 (Set 4)
Updated:
2011-10-25 12:57:43
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Comparative Anatomy
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Description:
Comparative anatomy lecture test 3.
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  1. The Somatic axial muscles of a fish include:
    • 1. Trunk muscles
    • 2. Epaxials and Hypaxial
    • 3. Epibranchials
    • 4. Extrinsic ocular muscles
  2. Trunk muscles form a series of muscle segments called what?
    Myomeres
  3. Trunk muscles are typically composed of ________ and _________ fibers.
    • Slow phasic
    • Fast phasic
  4. Hypaxial muscles are found ______ the ________ and Epaxial muscles are found _______ the _______.
    • Below
    • Horizontal septum
    • Above
    • Horizontal Septum
  5. Epibranchials lie _____ to the gill region.
    Dorsal
  6. _______ is a foward continuation of epaxial muscles and functions with them.
    Epibranchials
  7. Hypobranchials are somatic muscles that lie ______ to the gill region.
    Ventral
  8. ______ muscles have a function that is associated with the visceral skeleton.
    Hypobranchial
  9. Hypobranchial muscles act to:
    • 1. Open mouth
    • 2. Expand pharynx during the intake of respiratory water current.
  10. Extrinsic ocular muscles have ________ strap shaped muscles, that are responsible for _________ of the eye.
    • Six
    • Movement
  11. The somatic appendicular skeleton is comprised of what?
    • 1. Dorsal abductor
    • 2. Ventral adductor
  12. The Dorsal abductor runsbetween the ___________ and _________ surface of the fin, and pulls the fin dorsally and caudally.
    • Posterior dorsal portion of girdle
    • Dorsal
  13. The Ventral adductor runs between the ___________ and ___________ surface of the fin, and pulls the fin vertically and cranially.
    • Anteroventral portion of girdle
    • ventral
  14. The __________ is a very complex group associated with the elaborate visceral skeleton, they can be fairly variable according to the specializaiton for feeding and respiration.
    Visceral banchiomeric

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