CJ Exam 2
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What does D.A. stand for?
Who is the most powerful person in the Criminal Justice System?
Illegal Globally, Bail for Profit Remains in U.S.
Who decides what defense a suspect will be charged with?
Right to legal council for indigent defendants goes with what amendment?
- Miranda v. Arizona: have to be informed at time of arrest that you have rights to council.
- Escobedo Vs. Arizona: right to legal council at point of interrogation
In a perfect courtroom scenario, what is a defendant not supposed to do?
What does the Prosecutor do?
- -Protect public interest
- 1. Decides which case will be prosecuted
- 2. Decides charges: counts and necessarily included charges
- 3. Kinds of bargains
- 4. How vigorously to prosecute
- 5. Approves investigations (proactive, sting)
Important function of defense attorney
- -Popular conception: "Take criminal to court and prosecute"
- -Help defendant navigate system
What is a slow plea?
Selling the deal that takes longest
When our eyes deceive us (eyewitness)
Allowing television into a courtroom would likely change criminal justice processing with what model?
Which court case affirmed that legal guilt can
be accepted by court in exchange of lesser sentence without defendant actually
saying he is guilty?
Alford v. North Carolina
Which court case established legitimacy of plea bargaining?
Blackledge V. Allison
According to class lecture, Innocent people...
-1/2 of 1% of time cases are innocent people go to prison
Single most important factor that accounts for criminal conviction of innocent people
Eye witness error: happens in more than 1/2 of cases
Denying bail for suspects awaiting prosecution
for crimes not considered felony
higher risk of being found guilty
The long view of crime
The DNA factor
Jury selection based upon samples from lists of
registered voters is biased because it typically fails to do what
They are usually older, female, own property which is the opposite of defendants
Considering ways jurors are selected, any bias
that occurs is going to be gained by whom?
Preventing future crime with cognitive behavior therapy: recidivism
America's imprisoned kids
Pattern of case disposition in highly urbanized cities where many cases are rejected at initial screening is which prosecutorial style
Argersinger v. Hamlin
underscore of the 6th amendment; if you go to prison you have to have council
Criticisms of plea bargaining include what?
- 1. causes defendants to give up right to trial
- 2. Ignores public opinion
- 3. Hides process from judicial review/judges
- 4. creates image of a "game"
- 5. Unfairly punishes those who dont want to plea bargain
- 6. unduly pressures defendants to strike deal
- 7. unduly pressures innocent to plead guilty
Ability of prosecutors to win cases is because of what?
Several landmark cases that have established role of defense attorney
- 1. Gideon v. Wainwright
- 2. Argensinger v. Hamlin
- 3. Escobedo vs. Arizona
- 4. Miranda v. Arizona
Plea bargaining helps the system acheive which goals?
- 1. Provides individualized justice
- 2. Administrative necessity: system to busy w/out it
- 3. Reduces Uncertainty - reduces stress among courtroom work group
- 4. Strengthens role of defense - in terms of shrotening sentences
Selling the deal: primarily responsible by who?
Jail time is learning time
Violence in adolescent dating relationships
Release on recognicense, showing up after bail
Criminal defendants who take case to tiral risk harsher punishment because
- 1. look worse from being in jail
- 2. cant persue cases
- 3. being behind bars: more prone to accepting plea
Which groups have lowest risk of re-aresst on bail?
What is a trial tax?
Harsher punishment, full scale
What is the name for the term for the process that elects jurors
Criminal defense attorneys are held in low esteem by peers because
- -self employed
- -middle class
- -graduate from less prestigous law schools
- -either just starting out or are has-beens
3 roles played by judges
- 1. Adjudicator (judge)
- 2. Negotiator
- 3. Courtroom administrator
Prosecution complex results in failure to seek truth, fails to insure specific person
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