HHPK Test 3

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  1. Motor Task
    specific movement (throwing a ball)
  2. Motor Performance
    an observable physical behavior (hitting a target with a ball)
  3. Motor Skill
    The degree of proficiency in performing a motor task
  4. Motor ability
    set of traits used when performing a skill (eye-hand coordination)
  5. Body Composition
    the proportionate amount of total body both lean tissue and fat tissue
  6. ____% of fate stored in the body lies just under the skin
  7. % of body fat can be determined by . . .
    skin calipers, underwater weighing, electronic body fat testers or BMI
  8. What percent of body fat is obese for males?
  9. What percent of body fat is obese for females?
  10. ___% of elementary school age children have excessive body fat.
  11. Why is severe dieting bad for children?
    A caloric intake of 1000 cal. or less can slow down growth process
  12. ___% of obese population suffers from metabolic problems.
  13. What percent of obese children will become obese adults?
  14. What should teachers do for obese children?
    Involve the entire family in getting healthy, and design special activity plans for these kids.
  15. Physique
    refers to body build
  16. 3 Types of Physique
    • Ectomorph - slender and lean
    • Mesomorph - muscular shape
    • Endomorph - heavier and more round
  17. Skeletal growth for boys and girls ages 5-11 . . .
    show a steady increase in bone growth.
  18. Hyperplasia
    the number of muscle cells is set by the time a child enters school.
  19. Hypertrophy
    Muscle growth is by increase of size in muscle cell.
  20. Between the ages of ___ & ____ there is a rapid growth of muscle.
    5 & 6
  21. Before puberty _________ are slightly stonger than ______ due to more physical activity.
    boys, girls
  22. Exercise should be at ________ of maximum heart rate.
    60 to 80%
  23. At age 12, girls heart rate drops to _____
  24. Locomotor Skills
    running, jumping, skipping, hopping
  25. Nonlocomotor Skills
    twisting, stretching, bending, turning
  26. Manipulative Skills
    catching, trapping, throwing, kicking, dribbling
  27. 5th & 6th grade –show ___________ of movement skills and add ___________ to their game playing
    refinement, strategy
  28. What ages enjoy playing by themselves or with one or two other children, and require generous praise for their achievements?
    (5-7 years)
  29. At what age do interests shift toward more group activities and group success
    -Have a keen interest in more complex
    games and dance activities
    It’s important to provide many
    opportunities for each child to be successful
    If a child fails at all challenges, he or she will
    lose interest in physical activity
    They enjoy adult supervised activities
    (8- 9 years) –
  30. At what age are girls are increasingly concerned with their femininity and tend toward less vigorous activities?
    10- 12 years
  31. List Laban's Important Movement Concepts
    • Body Awareness
    • Space Awareness
    • Qualities
    • Relationships
  32. Teacher planned and directed teaching procedures are ________?
  33. Learner assumes responsibility for learning is _______ teaching.
  34. Success depends on the introduction of skills in a _________ and __________ way.
    systematic, progressive
  35. Measuring heart rate
    • Resting – taken while the person is in a quiet resting state (will be closer to 90 at ages 5& 6 and closer to 70 atages 11 &12)
    • Using the command, Ready –Count, check the pulse for 10 seconds using either the radial pulse at the wrist or the carotid pulse in the neck
    • Multiply the number by 6
    • Arrange in pairs and have them take each other’s heart rate
  36. Find the carotid pulse in the . . .
  37. Find the radial pulse in the . . .
  38. Maximum heart rate can reach ____ beats a
  39. For children to build up their heart muscle,
    they should exercise between _________ of the maximum for ______ minutes a day - ____________ beats a minute
    • 70 & 85%
    • 10 to 15 minutes
    • 160 to 190
  40. The ________ a person recovers their resting heart rate, the __________ condition the heart and lungs are
    faster, better
  41. Physical Education
    “possessing adequate strength and endurance to carry out daily activities without undue fatigue with enough energy for emergencies and leisure activities”
  42. Factors Affecting Low Levels of Fitness
    • 1. 30% of adults live sedentary lives
    • 2. the emphasis on labor saving devices
    • 3. the trend toward sedentary computer and television viewing
    • 4. The movement of leisure activity being tied to computer and play station games for children
    • 5. The influence of the computer in school education
  43. Components of Physical Fitness
    A health related test should measure:
    • Muscular strength
    • Muscular endurance
    • Cardiovascular Endurance
    • Flexibility
    • Body Composition
  44. Norm referenced assessment
    compares a child’s performance with that of the overall population
  45. Criterion referenced assessment
    fitness tests set levels of mastery to a norm and offer awards for excellence
  46. Health referenced assessment
    fitness test identify minimum health standards that all children can strive to achieve. Motivation is self improvement rather than trying to outperform other children
  47. AAHPERD entered into a partnership with the Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research and developed the . . .
  48. The Fitnessgram measures:
    • –Aerobic capacity
    • –Muscle strength
    • –Muscle endurance
    • –Flexibility
  49. Items on the Fitnessgram
    • 1. 1 mile walk/run or 20 meter shuttle called the Pacer
    • 2. Back Saver Sit & Reach Flexibility
    • 3. Push Ups or Flexed Arm Hang
  50. Fitnessgram Computer Software . . .
    • The report makes several recommendations to
    • improve or maintain performance
    • It is good public relations with parents because you can show you are trying to help their child be healthier
Card Set
HHPK Test 3
Coach Grant's HHPK Test 3
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