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specific movement (throwing a ball)
an observable physical behavior (hitting a target with a ball)
The degree of proficiency in performing a motor task
set of traits used when performing a skill (eye-hand coordination)
the proportionate amount of total body both lean tissue and fat tissue
____% of fate stored in the body lies just under the skin
% of body fat can be determined by . . .
skin calipers, underwater weighing, electronic body fat testers or BMI
What percent of body fat is obese for males?
What percent of body fat is obese for females?
___% of elementary school age children have excessive body fat.
Why is severe dieting bad for children?
A caloric intake of 1000 cal. or less can slow down growth process
___% of obese population suffers from metabolic problems.
What percent of obese children will become obese adults?
What should teachers do for obese children?
Involve the entire family in getting healthy, and design special activity plans for these kids.
refers to body build
3 Types of Physique
- Ectomorph - slender and lean
- Mesomorph - muscular shape
- Endomorph - heavier and more round
Skeletal growth for boys and girls ages 5-11 . . .
show a steady increase in bone growth.
the number of muscle cells is set by the time a child enters school.
Muscle growth is by increase of size in muscle cell.
Between the ages of ___ & ____ there is a rapid growth of muscle.
5 & 6
Before puberty _________ are slightly stonger than ______ due to more physical activity.
Exercise should be at ________ of maximum heart rate.
60 to 80%
At age 12, girls heart rate drops to _____
running, jumping, skipping, hopping
twisting, stretching, bending, turning
catching, trapping, throwing, kicking, dribbling
5th & 6th grade –show ___________ of movement skills and add ___________ to their game playing
What ages enjoy playing by themselves or with one or two other children, and require generous praise for their achievements?
At what age do interests shift toward more group activities and group success
-Have a keen interest in more complex
games and dance activities
It’s important to provide many
opportunities for each child to be successful
If a child fails at all challenges, he or she will
lose interest in physical activity
They enjoy adult supervised activities
(8- 9 years) –
At what age are girls are increasingly concerned with their femininity and tend toward less vigorous activities?
10- 12 years
List Laban's Important Movement Concepts
- Body Awareness
- Space Awareness
Teacher planned and directed teaching procedures are ________?
Learner assumes responsibility for learning is _______ teaching.
Success depends on the introduction of skills in a _________ and __________ way.
Measuring heart rate
- Resting – taken while the person is in a quiet resting state (will be closer to 90 at ages 5& 6 and closer to 70 atages 11 &12)
- Using the command, Ready –Count, check the pulse for 10 seconds using either the radial pulse at the wrist or the carotid pulse in the neck
- Multiply the number by 6
- Arrange in pairs and have them take each other’s heart rate
Find the carotid pulse in the . . .
Find the radial pulse in the . . .
Maximum heart rate can reach ____ beats a
For children to build up their heart muscle,
they should exercise between _________ of the maximum for ______ minutes a day - ____________ beats a minute
- 70 & 85%
- 10 to 15 minutes
- 160 to 190
The ________ a person recovers their resting heart rate, the __________ condition the heart and lungs are
“possessing adequate strength and endurance to carry out daily activities without undue fatigue with enough energy for emergencies and leisure activities”
Factors Affecting Low Levels of Fitness
- 1. 30% of adults live sedentary lives
- 2. the emphasis on labor saving devices
- 3. the trend toward sedentary computer and television viewing
- 4. The movement of leisure activity being tied to computer and play station games for children
- 5. The influence of the computer in school education
Components of Physical Fitness
A health related test should measure:
- Muscular strength
- Muscular endurance
- Cardiovascular Endurance
- Body Composition
Norm referenced assessment
compares a child’s performance with that of the overall population
Criterion referenced assessment
fitness tests set levels of mastery to a norm and offer awards for excellence
Health referenced assessment
fitness test identify minimum health standards that all children can strive to achieve. Motivation is self improvement rather than trying to outperform other children
AAHPERD entered into a partnership with the Cooper Institute for Aerobics Research and developed the . . .
The Fitnessgram measures:
- –Aerobic capacity
- –Muscle strength
- –Muscle endurance
Items on the Fitnessgram
- 1. 1 mile walk/run or 20 meter shuttle called the Pacer
- 2. Back Saver Sit & Reach Flexibility
- 3. Push Ups or Flexed Arm Hang
Fitnessgram Computer Software . . .
- The report makes several recommendations to
- improve or maintain performance
- It is good public relations with parents because you can show you are trying to help their child be healthier