Social Psychology

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Anonymous
ID:
112090
Filename:
Social Psychology
Updated:
2011-10-25 15:31:44
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Group Influence
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  1. group
    two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, interact with and influence one another and perceive one another as "us."
  2. co-actors
    co-participants working individually on a noncompetitive activity.
  3. social facilitation
    (1) Original meaning: the tendency of people to perform simple or well-learned tasks better when others are present. (2) Current meaning: the strengthening of dominant (prevalent, likely) resposnes in the presence of others.
  4. evaluation apprehension
    concern for how others are evaluating us.
  5. social loafing
    the tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their efforts toward a common goal than when they are individually accountable.
  6. free riders
    people who benefit from the group but give little in return.
  7. deindividuation
    loss of self-awareness and evaluation apprehension; occurs in group situations that foster responsiveness to group norms, good or bad.
  8. group polarization
    group-produced enhancement of memebrs' preexisting tendencies; a strengthening of the members' average tendency, not a split within the group.
  9. social comparison
    evaluating one's opinions and abilities by comparing oneself with others.
  10. pluralistic ignorance
    a false impression of what most other people are thinking or feeling, or how they are responding.
  11. groupthink
    the mode of thinking that persons engage in when concurrence-seeking becomes so dominant in a cohesive in-group that it tends to override realistic appraisal of alternative courses of action.
  12. symptoms of groupthink
    • (1) illusion of invulnerability
    • (2) unquestioned belief in group's morality
    • (3) rationalization
    • (4) stereotyped view of opponent
    • (5) conformity pressure
    • (6) self-censorship
    • (7) illusion of unanimity
    • (8) mindguards (some members protect the group from information that would call into question the effectiveness or morality of its decisions)
  13. leadership
    the process by which certain group members motivate and guide the group.
  14. task leadership
    leadership that organizes work, sets standards, and focuses on goals
  15. social leadership
    leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict, and offers support.
  16. transformational leadership
    leadership that, enabled by a leader's vision and inspiration, exerts significant influence.

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