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Three Facets of inter-group biases
- Sterotyping- Cognitive
- Discrimination- Behavioral
How does Devine explain sterotypes
Sterotypes are activated within us, prejudiced people dont bother to suppress, Unprejudiced people suppress unless they are really busy
What is the biorythms study?
morning people vs night people, Morning ppl cant suppress sterotypes at night, but CAN during the day, vice versa
3 types of racism
- Implicit-Racism that operates unconsciously and unintenionally
- Explicit-Racism that is consciously controlled
- Modern- Racism that surfaces in acceptable conditions, easy to rationalize
Explain Cook's Contact Hypothesis
Have a racist person interact in a positive, cooperative, friendly environment with other races, and they'll become less racist. This works about 1/3rd of the time,
Explain Smith and Mackie's Contact Hypothesis
Racist person interacting with member of another race, but the other race isn't sterotypically "black". They dress nice, use proper grammer and are very professional to the racist dude. -Can work to break down racism
Problem with supressing sterotypes?
Supressing too much can cause a rebound, you're focusing on supressing the stereotype, but you're still thinking about it, and focusing on it a lot more than you normally would
- Prejudice-Positive or Negative feelings toward ppl due to their group.
- Sterotyping- Impressions of the traits that a group carry
- Discrimination-Altered behavior toward ppl due to their group
What is social learning?
The learned behaviors from families and media. Like a girl learning to be liberal due to her parents telling her, or seeing an ad on TV
What activates Sterotypes?
Members of a group, words, chronic activation (prejudice), things that make someone think of a specific sterotype
What is Classical conditioning in terms of simple associations
People tend to become associated with emotional reactions to their behaviors and context