World History Vocab.txt

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World History Vocab.txt
2011-10-25 16:04:15
All sections both chaps

Vocab for chapters 2-3 and all the sections in them
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  1. Subcontinent
    A large landmass that juts out from a continent
  2. Monsoon
    Seasonal winds that regularly blow from a certain direction for part of the year
  3. Mohenjo - Daro
    One of the twin capitals along w/ Harappa of the civilizations or cities that ruled the area one after the other
  4. Acculturation
    The blending of 2 or more cultures
  5. Rajah
    Chiefs who led Aryan tribes
  6. Plateau
    Raised area of level land
  7. Harappa
    Indus city discovered in the 1920's and is believed to be the twin capital w/ Mohenjo - Daro of the civilization or cities that ruled the area one after the other
  8. Veneration
    Special regard for
  9. Vedas
    A collection of hymns, chants, ritual instructions, and other religious teachings
  10. Indra
    The god of war
  11. Brahman
    A single spiritual power that existed beyond the many gods of the Vedas and that resided in all things
  12. Mystics
    People who seek direct communicationbw/ divine forces
  13. Atman
    Hindus believe every person has an essential self
  14. Moksha
    Union w/ brahman
  15. Reincarnation
    The rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
  16. Karma
    All the actions of a person's life that affects his or her fate in the next life
  17. Dharma
    The religious and moral duties of an individual
  18. Ahimsa
  19. Caste
    Social groups into which people are born and which can rarely be changed
  20. Siddhartha Gautama
    Reformer who's teachings spread to Asia and became one of the worlds most influential religions, Buddhism
  21. Four Noble Truths
    1. All life is full of suffering, pain, & sorrow 2. The cause of suffering is nonvirtue or neg. deeds and mindsets sush as hatred and desire 3. The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirtue 4. The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the 8fold path
  22. Eightfold Path
    The "right views, right aspirations, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right contemplation
  23. Nirvana
    Union w/ the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth
  24. Sect
  25. Chandragupta Maurya
    Young adventurer who forged the 1st Indian empire
  26. Dissent
    Ideas that oppose those of the gov.
  27. Asoka
    The most honored Maurya emperor. He was also Chandragupta's grandson and a little bit after becoming emperor he fought a long bloody war trying to conquer Deccan region of Kalinga, but horrified by the slaughter he turned his back to later conquests and became a buddhist
  28. Missionary
    Someone sent to do religious work in a territory or foreign country
  29. Golden Age
    Period of great cultural achievement
  30. Decimal system
    System of numbers based on 10
  31. Joint family
    Family organization in which several generations share a common dwelling
  32. Dowry
    In some societies payment a bride's family makes to the bridegroom and his family; payment a woman brings to a marriage
  33. Loess
    Fine windblown yellow soil
  34. Clan
    Group of families w/ a common ancestor
  35. Dynastic cycle
    Rise & fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven
  36. Feudalism
    Loosely organized system of gov in which local lords gov their own lands but owed military service & other support to a greater lord
  37. Confucius
    One of the thinkers that put forward the ideas on how to restore social order and maintain harmony w/ nature
  38. Laozi
    One of the thinkers that put forward the ideas on how to restore social order and maintain harmony w/ nature
  39. Philosophy
    System of ideas that was concerned w/ worldly goals especially those of ensuring social order and good enviroment
  40. Filial piety
    Respect for parents above all other duties
  41. Oracle bone
    In Shang China animal bone or turtle shell used by priests to predict the future
  42. Character
    Written symbol in writing systems such as that of the Chinese
  43. Calligraphy
    The art of producing beautiful handwriting
  44. Shi Huangdi
    In Zheng proclaimed himself Shi Huangdi = "first emperor". Even though he was brutal he brought in China's classical age, which is what historians call it which means that it was when a civilization sets a pattern for things like gov religion, the arts, & etc.
  45. Wudi
    The most famous Han emperor who strengthened the gov and economy and chose his officials from Confucian "men of wisdim & virtue"
  46. Monopoly
    Complete control of a product or business by one person or group
  47. Expansionism
    Policy of increasing the amount of territory a gov holds
  48. Civil servant
    Gov official
  49. Warlord
    Local military ruler
  50. Acupuncture
    Medical treatment originated in ancient China in which needles are inserted into the skin at specific points to relieve pain or treat various illnesses