World history.txt

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World history.txt
2011-10-25 16:09:44

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  1. Monotheistic
    Believing in one God
  2. Torah
    The most sacred text of the Hebrew Bible, including the first 5 books
  3. Abraham
    He lived near ur in Mesopotamia and herded sheep and goats into a region called Canaan with his family. Considered father of the Israelitte people
  4. Covenant
    A binding agreement; specifically, in the Jewish tradition, the binding agreement God made with Abraham
  5. Moses
    Renewed God's covenant with the Israelites
  6. David
    The strong and wise second king of Israel, united these tribes into a single nation (Torah 12 separate tribes)
  7. Solomon
    David's son who turned Jerusalem into an impressive capital
  8. Patriarchal
    Relating to a society in which men hold the greatest legal and moral authority
  9. Sabbath
    A holy day for rest and worshsip
  10. Prophet
    Spiritual leader who interprets God's will
  11. Ethics
    Moral standards of behavior
  12. Diaspora
    The spreading of the Jews beyond their historic homeland
  13. Amon-Re
    The great lord of the gods
  14. Osiris
    Husband of Isis, who was cut into pieces by his brother, saved by his wife(goddess) and became the god of the dead and the Nile
  15. Isis
    Osiris's wife, who saved her husband who then became the god of the dead and the Nile
  16. Akhenaton
    Amenhotep 4 changed his name to Akhenaton and ordered priests to only worship the minor god, Aton
  17. Mummification
    The preservation of dead bodies by embalming and wrapping them in cloth
  18. Hieroglyphics
    System of writing in which pictures called hieroglyphs represent objects, concepts, or sounds
  19. Papyrus
    Plant used to make a paper-like writing material in ancient Egypt
  20. Decipher
    To figure out the meaning of
  21. Rosetta Stone
    Stone monument that includes the same passage carved in hieroglyphics, demotic script, and Greek and that was used to decipher the meanings of many hieroglyphs
  22. Cataract
  23. Delta
    Triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers
  24. Dynasty
    Ruling family
  25. Pharaoh
    Title of the rulers of ancient Egypt
  26. Bureaucracy
    System of government that includes different job functions and levels of authority
  27. Vizier
    Chief minister who supervised the business of government in ancient Egypt
  28. Hatshepsut
    During the New Kingdom she became Pharaoh and she exercised all the rights of a pharaoh. She also encouraged trade w/ Mediterranean lands and along the Red Sea coast of Africa
  29. Thutmose 3
    Hatshepsut's grandson, who took over from her once he was an adult. He stretched Egypt's borders to their greatest extent ever
  30. Ramses 2
    Became Pharaoh of the New Kingdom and pushed Egyptian control northward as far as Syria. He also ruled for 66 yrs.
  31. Sargon
    The ruler of Akkad, who invaded and conquered the neighboring city-states of Sumer
  32. Hammurabi
    King of Babylon who brought much of Mesopotamia under the control of his empire
  33. Codify
    To arrange or set down in writing
  34. Civil law
    Branch of law that deals w/ private rights and matters
  35. Criminal law
    Branch of law that deals w/ offenses against others
  36. Nebuchadnezzar
    In Babylon's absence, which a king named Nabopolassar had reestablished in 625 B. C. quickly revived by the second king, Nebuchadnezzar
  37. Barter economy
    Economic system in which one set of goods or services is exchanged for another
  38. Money economy
    Economic system in which goods or services are paid for through the exchange of a token of an agreed value
  39. Zoroaster
    This religion, created by Zoroaster taught that Ahura Mazada ruled the world and was always fighting against the evil, Ahriman
  40. Colony
    Territory settled and ruled by people from another land
  41. Alphabet
    Writing system in which each symbol represents a single basic sound
  42. Fertile Crescent
    Region of the Middle East in which civilizations first arose
  43. Mesopotamia
    Region within the Fertile Crescent that lies between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
  44. Sumer
    Site of the world's first civilization, located in southeastern Mesopotamia
  45. The Epic of Gilgamesh
    Mesopotamia narrative poem was first told in Sumer
  46. Hierarchy
    System of ranking groups
  47. Ziggurat
    In ancient Mesopotamia, a large platform thought to have been topped by a temple dedicated to a city's chief god or goddess
  48. Cuneiform
    In the ancient Middle East, a system of writing that used to wedge-shaped marks