Humanities

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Anonymous
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112135
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Humanities
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2011-10-25 16:53:21
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Music
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Chapter 4.5
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  1. A multi-sectional vocal work, either sacred or secular in subject matter, usually featuring solos, duets, and choruses and ranging in accompaniment from small chamber ensembles to large orchestras
    Cantata
  2. Succession of tones in a given sequence that possesses certain subjective qualities - a perceivable coherence, an inevitability, and a sense of completion
    Melody
  3. A vocal composition including the sung portions of the Roman Catholic liturgy, primarily in Latin
    Mass
  4. The close or resolution of a musical phrase or section
    Cadence
  5. Variations on a musical theme spontaneously created
    improvisation
  6. A written version of music documenting the composer's intentions
    Score
  7. Musical style that allows the performer to present variations on a stated theme and display virtuosity
    Toccata
  8. Music that is written in a specific key
    Tonal Music
  9. Two or more tones played or sung at the same time; the composition and progression of chords, simultaneous sounds, and counterpoint
    Harmony
  10. A musical idea repeated thru a composition
    Theme
  11. The art of organizing sound, usually those sounds created by musical instruments or the human voice
    Music
  12. A set of short musical movements, for one or any combination of instruments, or for orchestra, played in a specific order
    Suite
  13. A polyphonic vocal work, usually written for four or five voices, setting a pastoral poem to music, performed without instrumental accompaniement and intended for secular use
    Madrigal
  14. Unaccompanied polyphonic vocal work, often setting a sacred Latic text to music
    Motet
  15. Music that contains only a single part
    MOnophonic
  16. The difference in pitch between tones, usually expressed in the number of steps
    Interval
  17. In music, a brief but recognizable recurring fragment of a melody
    Motif
  18. Artists who create and or perform music
    Musicians
  19. A component of orchestration, referring in a descriptive way to the number of instrumentes playing at any one time
    Texture
  20. Term for global music (generally non-Western) that is "discovered" by Western audiences
    World Music
  21. Two or more sounds that are pleasing to the ear when played simultaneously; harmonies that create stability in a composition
    Consonance
  22. Instrumental work that attempts to give the impression of being spontaneously improvised by the performer
    Fantasia
  23. The frequency of notes heard in ascending or descending order
    Scale
  24. Composition for soloist and orchestra in three movements (first and third fast, second slow)
    Concerto
  25. A full orchestral work usually in four movements
    Symphony
  26. Term for post-1945 that uses strange innovative elements or combines different genre
    Avante-garde music
  27. Music developed in southern African-American communities at the end of the 19th century that fused work, spirituals, and chants and featured a twelve bar blues chord progression
    Blues Music
  28. Musical composition for solo voice and piano, often based on poetry popular in the Romantic Era
    Art Song
  29. Music with several independent parts sounding at once
    Polyphonic
  30. An instrumental work that employs the technique of presenting a musical idea (usually a melody) and subjecting it to a sccuession of elaborations or modifications where the listener can recognize it from one repitition to the next
    Variation
  31. Musical style developed by the African-Americans at the beginning of the 20th century that is an amalgamation of African and European music, featuring improvisation, syncopation, polyrhythms and use of "swing time"
    Jazz Music
  32. How musical sounds are organized temporally or in time employing stressed and unstressed beats
    Rhythm
  33. Instrumental ensemble that contains string, brass, woodwind, and percussion sections and typically plays classical or art music
    Orchestra
  34. Religious songs originating amon African-American slaves int he American south that fused aspects of African Music and religion with Christian Hymns
    Spirituals
  35. Measured Pace at which a composition is played
    Tempo
  36. A single note of a definite frequencey
    Tone
  37. The science of sound, concerned primarily with the production, propagation, and perception of sound
    Acoustics
  38. Music developed in African-American communities during the late 1970s that features rhythmic and rhyming speech and 4/4 beat
    Hip-Hop music
  39. song- based music typically oriented toward the youth market, featuring short verse-chorus songs often with a catchy beat and simple lyrics
    Pop Music
  40. A specfic scale, determined by the first note in the scale, which dominates in a section of music
    Key
  41. Simplest form of harmony which features two melodic lines of equal value played agaisnt one another
    COunterpoint
  42. Persistence of a tone in time, meaning how long it lasts
    Duration
  43. Multi-sectional work for vocalists and orchestra, which uses the same structural elements as opera without the use of scenery, setting and costume
    Oratorio
  44. An extended multi-movement work generally solo instrumentalist
    SOnata
  45. Music that is written in a way that avoids centering around a specific key
    Atonal Music
  46. A rounded symbol which indicates the length of a pitch by its shape and coloring
    Note
  47. A fully-produced, multi-sectional work for the theater whose text is primarily sung by soloists and a chorus and which is accompanied by instruments usually a large orchestra
  48. Opera
  49. A composition which is performed between acts of a play or movements of a larger musical work
    Intermezzo
  50. An instrumental work, usually for piano that attempts to evoke dreamy, contemplative feelings, commonly featuring a slow, soft, lyrical melody and a flowing accompaniment
    Nocturne
  51. Composition in which the theme or subject is developed thru a series of successive imitations
    Fugue
  52. Long, accompanied song for a solo voice typically found in an opera or oratorio
    Aria
  53. Music created for the christian church, the European courts, and concert halls, from Middle ages to the present
    Art or Classical Music
  54. Song-based music that became popular after 1960 in US and Britain that was heavily influenced by rhythm and blues and country music featuringa driving 4/4 beat and a verse-chorus form
    Rock music
  55. The volume of a tone, meaning the varying degrees of loudness and softness in a composition; also the articulation of the tone, meaning the manner it should be played
    Dynamics
  56. The "color" of a tone, meaning which instrument plays it; the color or quality of the musical sound being produced
    Timbre
  57. Any sound that sets up regular vibrations in the air and is perceived as a discrete tone; the relative highness or lowness can be measured in vibrations per second
    Pitch
  58. Music created by and for the common people of a particular region or by a disadvantaged ethnic group or religious sect, orally transmitted
    Folk Music
  59. The special symbols and language of the modern score
    Musical Notation
  60. A multi-sectional work, or movement, whose theme recurs multiple times in the course of the piece, always in the tonic key, much like a refrain
    Rondo
  61. Music popular from 1900-1920 that that preceded jazz, was influenced by African American songs and featured syncopated, or "ragged," rhythm
    Ragtime Music
  62. Grouping of beats into measures
    Meter
  63. Form of jazz that began in the 1970s and combine jazz with other genres, including rock and rhythm and blues
    Jazz Fusion
  64. Music created for the Christian church, the European courts, and the concert halls, from the Middle ages to the present
    Classical or art Music
  65. Orchestral work, usually in 2-3 contrasting sections, used as the intro to an opera or other dramatic piece
    Overture
  66. In music, basic unit of rhythm
    Beat
  67. Music that moves from chord to chord, without undue elaboration or with a simple melody
    Homophonic
  68. An instrumental musical composition designed to provide practice material for perfecting a particular technical skill in a solo instrument
    Etude
  69. Technique to make a musical composition more interesting and engaging through contrasting timbres or rhythm or tempo
    Contrast
  70. Two or more sounds that are not pleasing to the ear when played simultaneously; unstable harmonies that create tension in a composition
    Dissonance
  71. Musicians who create (write) music
    Composers
  72. Form of Jazz developed between 1950-60 that emphasized individual performers and collective improvisions as opposed to adhering to pre-established frameworks
    Free Jazz
  73. Widely disseminated music meant principally for enjoyment in the home
    Popular Music

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