Anthro Exam #2 (1-20)

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Author:
tomovl11
ID:
112140
Filename:
Anthro Exam #2 (1-20)
Updated:
2011-10-25 17:15:24
Tags:
primates
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Description:
vocab
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  1. the diversification of an ancestral group of organisms into new forms that are adapted to different environmental niches
    adaptive radiation
  2. tree-dwelling
    arboreal
  3. predominant theory; evolution if behavior; ecological selection-agents of selection; behavior is treated as a complex trait; behaviors selected for or against; some behaviors increase fitness
    behavioral ecology
  4. relative dating method that uses the association of fossils in strata to determine each layes possible age; comparing the age of animals; relative position of fauna
    biostratigraphy
  5. pygmy chimps; knuckle walkers; sexual dimorphism; longer legs; differently shaped chests; Africa
    bonobos
  6. arm-swinging
    brachiation
  7. absolute dating method; sites within past 50,000 years; emission of radioactive particles measured and ratio compared
    carbon-14 dating
  8. subcategory of the haplorhines; owm; apes; humans; narrow noses, sexual dimorphism, no prehensile tails, ischial callosities (butt pads); visual estrus (female advirtisment of her reproductivity)
    catarrhines
  9. knucle walkers; terrestrial & arboreal; sexual dimorphism; tool use; cooperative hunting; equatorial Africa; great apes
    chimpanzees
  10. relays information such as emotional state, environment, predators, & territory; body postures; facial expressions; vocalizations; displays; intentional and unintentional
    communication
  11. chronomatic dating method that uses tree-ring count to determine numerical age
    dendrochronology
  12. the numerical description of a species teeth, listing the number, in one quadrant of the jaws, of incestors, canines, premolars, and molars
    dental formula
  13. refers to those organisms that are normally awake and cative during daylight hours
    diural
  14. have access to resources; males dominant to females; separate heirarchies by sex; learned and inherited; influenced by sex, age, aggressiveness; importance varies; provides stability
    dominance hierarchies
  15. a relative (chemical) dating method that compares the accumulation of fluorine in animal and human bones from the same site
    fluorine dating
  16. part of the lesser apes; brachiation; long fingers and arms; no sexual dimorphism; smallest apes
    gibbons
  17. a genus of Miocene ponigids from Asia; the largest primate that ever lived
    Gigantopithecus

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