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How did the aftermath of WWI affect the Games?
Inter- allied games were in 1919 staged in Paris. Not affiliated with the Olympic movement, but staged using a similar format, celebrated by the victorious allied powers, partly in response for the cancellation of the 1916 games.
What ended WWI?
Treaty of Versailles of 1919
What was the Progressive political movement of the 19th century?
- -Greater role of government in all aspects of life.
- -Liberalism- john Stuart mill, on liberty (1859)
- -Socialism/communism- Marx,Lenin,mao
- -Fascism/totalitarianism- Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin
How did the Paris worlds fair in 1900 help form the Olympics?
Held as part of the Paris world's fair, Coubertin thought it would bring attention to the Olympic movement. He relinquished rights to involvement in running the games events were spread over 5 1/2 months, from may 14, 1900 to October 28, 1900. Huge disappointment to Coubertin.
Where were the First Olympics medals handed out at?
At the 3rd Olympic games, held at St. Louis. Medals where gold,silver,and bronze.
What was the First do over in Olympic history?
- -Zoltan Halmay, won 100m & 50m freestyle,
- -U.S. judge ruled J. Scott Leary
- -U.S. won in 50m, fight broke out, judges ordered rematch and Halmay won.
What year was the Last do over was in?
1906 intercalated games were quite successful, how long did they last?
11days from April 9, 1906 to April 19, 1906
Where were the games of 1908 supposed to be held?
In Rome, Italy, Berlin, Milan
The conflicts of the official marathon distance in London 1908 led to what establishment?
The IAAF; international association of athletics federation (track & field)
What was the First Asian country to participate at the Stockholm 1912 Olympic Games?
What sport was not included in Stockholm 1912 Olympic Games?
Boxing, because is illegal in Sweden
What were the First games to enforce rules of amateur status?
Sir Francis Beaurepaire Australian swimmer.1911 barred from Olympic competition for 1912; ban was reversed in 1914. PE teacher giving swimming & diving lessons but did not accept money. At the time they could not be a P.E teacher.
What are some points about Jim Thorpe?
- -Gold medals in decathlon & traditional pentathlon
- -"Greatest athlete in the world"
- -Medals taken away in 1913; returned in 1982
- -Played professional baseball
Whats the importance of the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895)?
- -Between the Manchu dynasty and the Meiji government of Japan
- -Fought over control of Korea
- -Korea would be independent from China
- -Grant Japan control over Taiwan
- -Established Japan as a great power of religion & world
- -Weaken the Manchu government
What was the importance of the Boxer Rebellion of China (1898-1900)?
- -France, Britain, Italy, Russia, Germany, Japan, U.S. agreed upon an �open door� -trade policy
- -Passively allowed by the Manchu government
- -Boxers encouraged to rebel against foreigners
- -Countries sent troops
- -Boxer Rebellion squashed ended Manchu Dynasty (1644-1911)
- -Climate of in stability would endure until communist takeover
What was the importance of the Spanish- American War (1898, April-August)?
- -Spain rejected U.S. demand that Cubas independence be granted
- -Sinking of the USS Maine
- -William Randolph Hearst; yellow journalism; Remember the Maine, To hell with Spain!
- -U.S. would take control of Puerto Rico, Philippines, Guam from Spain
- -Confirmed the U.S. as a world power and ended the Spanish empire
What was importance of the Russian Revolution (1905)?
- -Tsar Nicholas II (Romanov Dynasty) saw powers begin to erode after defeat by the Japanese
- -Masses were dissatisfied with the government
- -Led to the Russian Revolution of 1905, crushed by the government
- -Absence of clear leadership set the stage for 1917 communist revolution and end of the reign of CZARS
How did WWI affect the Middle East kingdoms?
-Middle East kingdoms broken up by Great powers of Europe
What 7 countries agreed upon an open door trade policy with China?
France, Britain, Italy, Russia, Germany, Japan, U.S.
Who was Alice Milliat?
Force her way onto the international athletic scene and became one of the most influential women in sports in the first half of the 20th century. Had been inspired by the post-suffrage enthusiasm that had gripped the world (19th century amendment to the U.S. Constitution)
Who was the founder of the modern Olympic Games movement?
- Founded in 1894 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin. Born January 1, 1863.
- In 1888, he managed to establish the French Union of Athletic Sports.
Who was James Sullivan?
He was a Founding member of the American Olympic Association (AOA). He founded of the AAU and Died in 1914. Sullivan was awarded the top amateur athlete in U.S.; since 1930.
Who assumed the Presidency of the AOC in post 1924 years?
League of Neutrals within the IOC favored a country that remained neutral during WWI?
IOC agreed to Paris in 1924 and Amsterdam, Netherlands in 1928 because they were neutral during WWI
What were some Causes of Great Depression:
Black Tuesday caused a collapse of the stock market. Resulted in companies cutting back & laying off workers. Caused depression to travel abroad; Britain & Germany hardest hit to repay war debts. By 1932, total value of world trade had fallen 50%
How would Coubertin established the executive board within the IOC?
5 men who would provide leadership for the Olympic movement in accordance with Coubertins vision
Why did the Scandinavian countries oppose the winter games in1920?
They were holding the Nordic Games every 4 years. Nordic skiing cross country and ski jumping
What 6 events did Chamonix hold in 1924?
Bobsleigh, Biathlon, Curing, Ice hockey, Skiing and Skating
Where did the IOC vote to stage the International Sports Week?
In Chamonix (1924)
The first womens track event ever contested in Olympic History was the 100m; who won:
Betty Robinson from the USA. She began running competitively 4 months before the games. The Olympic 100m was her 4th race ever
Women Competed in what sports during the 1928 Amsterdam Games?
Track & Field & Gymnastics