Understanding the Research Process
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Procedure founded upon the scientific method for investigating research problems that involve systematic progression through a series of necessary steps
the central focus of the research effort that serves as athe basis for the research problem and provides direcdtion for the entire process.
Types of Research Questions
a specific definitive statement that specifies the question or issue to be investigated in a research study; normally indicates the variables of interest to the researcher
characterisitics specified by the investigator that define the scope of the research study, effecting "fencing it in".
aspects of a research study that the investigator cannot control, that represent weaknesses to the study, and that may negatively affect the results
facts or conditions presumed to be true, yet not actually verified, that becom e underlying basics for in the planning and implementation of the research study.
A characterisitic, trait, or attribute of a person or thing that can take on more than one value and can be classified or measured.
the experimental or treatment variable in a astudy; it is the variable that is purposively manipulated or selected bythe researcher in order to determine its effect on some observed phenomenon; it is anetecedent to the dependent variable
the variable that is expected to change as a result of the independent variable; it is the variable that is observed or measured in a study.
error producing variable that could negatively affect the results of a research study if not adequately controlled
questions used to obtain descriptive information
difference questions are used to make comparisons
questions that seek to identify associations between variables.
12 steps of the research process
- Identifying the research question
- Initial review of literature
- Distilling the question to a spedcific research problem
- COntinued review of literature
- Formulation of hypotheses
- Determining the basic research approach
- Identifying the population and sample
- Designing data collection plan
- Selecting or developing specific data collection insturments or procedures
- Choosing the method of data analysis
- Implementing the research plan
- Interpreting the results
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