lecture exam2

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Missyd19
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112275
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lecture exam2
Updated:
2011-10-26 00:22:23
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ap2 lecture respiration
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Lecture exam 2 Respiration
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  1. Conduction of air from nose to alveoli is known as
    PULMONARY VENTILATION
  2. Functions of the nose:
    Airway for ____
    _____& warms entering air
    ____ & cleans inspired air
    resonating chamber for ____
    houses ____ receptors
    • RESPIRATION
    • MOISTENS
    • FILTERS
    • SPEECH
    • OLFACTORY
  3. Functions of Conchas:
    Filter, ___ and moistens air during inhalation
    Reclaim heat and moisture during ____
    • HEAT
    • EXHALATION
  4. Where are Paranasal Sinuses found?
    In frontal, sphenooid, ethmoid and maxillary bones
  5. What is the function of Paranasal Sinuses?
    Lighten skull and help warm and moisten air
  6. Which Tonsil is present in the nasopharynx?
    PHARYNGEAL (ADENOIDS)
  7. Which tonsil(s) is present in the oropharynx?
    PALATINE AND LINGUAL
  8. The Epiglotis is _____ cartilage and covers the _______ inlet during _____
    ELASTIC; LARYNGEAL; SWALLOWING
  9. The bronchial tree starts at the _____ and braches into the _____.
    TRACHEA; BRONCHI
  10. Pleural Membranes funtion is to provide ____ and surface ____.
    LUBRICATION; TENSION
  11. Boyle's law is the relationship between ____ & _____of a ___.
    PRESSURE; VOLUME OF A GAS
  12. During inspiration, intrapulmonary pressure drops to _______
    -1mm Hg
  13. Pressure in lungs is ____ than atmospheric pressure during inhalation.
    LOWER
  14. Atmospheric pressure is ___
    ZERO
  15. Decreases air resistance:
    Severe constriciton or obstruction of ____
    _____ dilates the bronchioles
    • BRONCHIOLES
    • EPINEPHRINE
  16. Surfactant keeps the ___ inflated
    ALVEOLI
  17. Lung compliance is the measure of the ease of expansion of the ___ & the ____
    LUNGS; THORAX
  18. Factors that diminish Lung Compliance:
    non___ scar tissue
    reduced production of ____
    Decreased flexibilit of _____ cage
    Deformites of ____
    _____ of coastal cartilage
    paralysis of _____ muscles
    • ELASTIC
    • SURFACTANT
    • THORACIC
    • THORAX
    • OSIFICATION
    • INTERCOASTAL
  19. As temperature increases, the amount of O2 released from HB is ____
    INCREASED
  20. External respiration is the exchange of ___ & ___ across the respiratory membrane
    O2 & CO2
  21. Factors that influence external respiration:
    Partial pressure ___ & gas ____
    ventilation-perfusions ____
    structural characteristics of _____ membrane
    • GRADIENTS; SOLUBILITIES
    • COUPLING
    • RESPIRATORY
  22. Internal respiration is ____ gas exchange in body ____.
    CAPILLARY; TISSUES
  23. During transportation of O2 ___% is disolved in plasma and ____% is bound to hemoglobin
    1.5; 98.5
  24. ___% of O2 is transported as ____ ions
    70; bicarbonate
  25. ___% of CO2 is bound to HB
    23
  26. Most of HCO3 ions are usually found in ____
    RBCS
  27. Tuberculosis is caused by _____ _____
    MYOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS
  28. Air in tubes is considered ___ ____
    DEAD SPACE

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