Card Set Information
ap2 lecture respiration
Lecture exam 2 Respiration
Conduction of air from nose to alveoli is known as
Functions of the nose:
Airway for ____
_____& warms entering air
____ & cleans inspired air
resonating chamber for ____
houses ____ receptors
Functions of Conchas:
Filter, ___ and moistens air during inhalation
Reclaim heat and moisture during ____
Where are Paranasal Sinuses found?
In frontal, sphenooid, ethmoid and maxillary bones
What is the function of Paranasal Sinuses?
Lighten skull and help warm and moisten air
Which Tonsil is present in the nasopharynx?
Which tonsil(s) is present in the oropharynx?
PALATINE AND LINGUAL
The Epiglotis is _____ cartilage and covers the _______ inlet during _____
ELASTIC; LARYNGEAL; SWALLOWING
The bronchial tree starts at the _____ and braches into the _____.
Pleural Membranes funtion is to provide ____ and surface ____.
Boyle's law is the relationship between ____ & _____of a ___.
PRESSURE; VOLUME OF A GAS
During inspiration, intrapulmonary pressure drops to _______
Pressure in lungs is ____ than atmospheric pressure during inhalation.
Atmospheric pressure is ___
Decreases air resistance:
Severe constriciton or obstruction of ____
_____ dilates the bronchioles
Surfactant keeps the ___ inflated
Lung compliance is the measure of the ease of expansion of the ___ & the ____
Factors that diminish Lung Compliance:
non___ scar tissue
reduced production of ____
Decreased flexibilit of _____ cage
Deformites of ____
_____ of coastal cartilage
paralysis of _____ muscles
As temperature increases, the amount of O2 released from HB is ____
External respiration is the exchange of ___ & ___ across the respiratory membrane
O2 & CO2
Factors that influence external respiration:
Partial pressure ___ & gas ____
structural characteristics of _____ membrane
Internal respiration is ____ gas exchange in body ____.
During transportation of O2 ___% is disolved in plasma and ____% is bound to hemoglobin
___% of O2 is transported as ____ ions
___% of CO2 is bound to HB
Most of HCO3 ions are usually found in ____
Tuberculosis is caused by _____ _____
Air in tubes is considered ___ ____