The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Examples of these fluides include:
    Transcellular Fluids
  2. This fluid loss occurs throught the skin and lungs
    Not usually detectable and cannot be measured
    Normally accounts for 300-400mL of fluid loss/day
    Insensible Losses
  3. Total serum calcium over 10.5 mg/dL
    May be due to prolonged immobilization
    S/S: lethargy, weakness, anorexia, constipation, polyuria
  4. Abnormal labs related to Respiratory Alkalosis
    • pH > than 7.45
    • PaCO2 < 35
  5. The movement of water across cell membranes from the less concentrated to the more concentrated solution
  6. Most abundant cation in the extracellular fluid
    Found in most body secretions
    Usually accompanies water imbalances
    Sodium (Na+)
  7. Primary regulator of fluid intake
    Located in the hypothalamus
    Osmotic pressure, vascular volume, and angiotensin trigger it
    Thirst mechanism
  8. Water is drawn out of the vascular compartment into interstitial tissues and cells
    S/S: lethargy, confusion, weakness, muscle twitching, cramping, headache, seizures, coma
  9. Normal serum levels: 135-145 mEq/L
    Sodium (Na+)
  10. Major cation in intracellular fluid
    Vital electrolite for skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle activity
    Maintains acid base balance
    Normal levels: 3.5-5 mEq/L
    Potassium (K)
  11. Body retains both water and sodium
    Edema may be present
    Weight gain
    Fluid intake greater than output
    Fluid Volume Excess
  12. Cardiac dysrhythmia
    Muscle weakness and cramps
    Anorexia, n/v, fatigue, lethargy
    Weak irregular pulse
    Serum levels < 3.5
  13. Normal total serum levels:
    8.5 - 10.5 mg/dL
    Normal ionized serum levels:
    4 - 5 mg/dL
    Normal Calcium levels
  14. Avocados, carrots, spinach, tomato, potato
    Dried fruits, bananas, apricot, orange, cantaloupe
    Beef, cod, pork, veal
    Milk, OJ, apricot nectar
    Foods high in Potassium
  15. Water is drawn into the vascular compartment from the interstitial cells
    May be due to decreased thirst mechanism, hyperventilation, fever or insufficient water intake
    • Dehydration
    • or
    • Fluid Volume Deficit
  16. Thirsty, dry and sticky membranes, weakness
    Red, dry, swollen tongue
    Serum levels > 145 mEq/L
  17. Examples of these foods:
    Cereal and breads
  18. A person categorized by having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of >30 kg/m2
  19. These include:
    C, B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, B12
    Water soluble vitamins
  20. 30-50 million Americans have this condition in which they have an inability to break down the sugar in milk
    Lactose Intolerance
  21. These organic substances are greasy and insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol or ether
    Lipids (or fats)
  22. These may alter the appetite, distub taste perception, or interfere with nutrient absorption or excretion
    Medications or drugs
  23. Examples of these foods are:
  24. It is recommended to limit your intake of this element to less than 2,300 mg/day
  25. May be caused by the ingestion of too many antacids
    Happens after prolonged vomiting
    Respirations are slow and shallow
    Metabolic Alkalosis
  26. Acute lung conditions that impair alveolar gas exchange
    Overdose of narcotics or sedatives
    Chronic lung disease
    Airway obstruction
    Respiratory Acidosis
  27. pH < 7.35
    CO2 > 45
    HCO3 normal or slightly elevated
    Respiratory Acidosis
  28. Often results from hyperventilation
    May also be caused by fever and respiratory infections
    Complains of SOB, numbness & tingling of extremities
    Light-headed and blurred vision
    Respiratory Alkalosis
  29. Renal impairment
    Prolonged diarrhea
    Cardiac arrest
    Metabolic Acidosis
  30. pH > 7.45
    CO2 < 35
    Respiratory Alkalosis
  31. Bicarb is low
    May develop in renal failure or starvation
    Headache, weakness, lethargy, confusion, n/v
    Deep, rapid respirations
    Metabolic Acidosis
  32. Vomiting, gastric suction
    Increased use of diuretics
    Excessive bicarb intake
    Cushing's Syndrome
    Metabolic Alkalosis
  33. pH > 7.45
    PaCO2 > 45
    HCO3 > 26
    Metabolic Alkalosis
  34. Hypoventilation & CO2 retention can cause this
    Asthma and COPD are common causes
    Anesthesia or narcotic overdose can cause this
    Respiratory Acidosis
  35. Fever
    Brain stem injury
    Hyperventilation due to: anxiety, increased body temp, hypoxia
    Respiratory Alkalosis
  36. pH < 7.35
    CO2 < 38
    HCO3 < 22
    Metabolic Acidosis
  37. This category of meds effects nutrition by possibly causing Ca+ and Na+ depletion
    Some also decrease absorption of vitamins A, D, E, K
  38. The pH of the aspirated fluid from a gastric tube should have this measurement or lower
    pH of 6 or lower
  39. These drugs are antagonists to dopamine, histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine which are associated with vomiting
  40. This type of sleep aid should not be used for longer than 3-4 weeks because it suppresses stage 4 of NREM sleep
    Restoril or Benzodiazepines
  41. S/S include:
    Decreased peripheral pulses
    Pale skin color
    Cool extremities
    Decreased hair distribution
    Peripheral Vasular Disease
  42. Infects 1/3 of the world's population
    Fever, worsening cough, night sweats, weight loss
    TB or Tuberculosis
  43. INH (isoniazide)
    Rifampin (RIF)
    PZH (pirazinamide)
    Streptomycin or Ethanbutol
    Medications used for TB
  44. Most common cause of impaired blood flow
    Vessels narrow and become constricted
    Coronary arteries are most effected
Card Set
Jeopardy review for NUR151, Tests 1-3
Show Answers