ART

Card Set Information

Author:
zytlaly
ID:
112328
Filename:
ART
Updated:
2011-10-29 08:03:52
Tags:
TEST
Folders:

Description:
TEST2
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  1. Surfaces for drawing:

    Paper
    May have been invented anytime from 2nd c. BCE to 1st c CE in China. First introduced to the west through Muslim warriors who demanded the technology from a group of Chinese papermarkes in 751 CE (?). Paper manufactured and very popular in Italy from 13th century on. 1st paper mill in the Alps, 14th c.
  2. Surfaces for drawing:

    Papyrus
    Pressed plant stems
  3. Surfaces for drawing:

    Parchement

    streched, drie and treated animal skins
  4. Surfaces for drawing:

    Silk
    Used in Chiana
  5. Surfaces for drawing:

    Pigment
    Coloring material
  6. Surfaces for drawing:

    Binder
    Substance with which the pigment is mixed
  7. Dry media;

    Graphite
    • Original material for pencils.
    • Mixed with varying amount of clay to create soft or hard compounds, which in turn make dark (soft, not a of clay) or light (hard, lots of clay) lines.
  8. Dry media;

    Metalpoint
    Wire in a holder is dragged across a painted ground. Particles of metal left behind tarnish; often seen with white chalk heightening.
  9. Dry media;

    Charcoal:
    Charred wood. Can be brittle and light, or dense and compressed.
  10. Dry media

    Crayon
    Pigment mixed with waxy or greasy substance.
  11. Dry material

    Conte Crayon
    Invented at turn of ninetheenth century. Pigment mixed with clay and a small amount of greasy binder.
  12. Dry material

    Pastel
    Pigment bound with non-greasy binder such as solution of gum arabic or gum tragacanth (gums made from natual sab) and water.
  13. Dry material

    Chalk
    Black chalk; composite of carbon and clay

    Red chalk; iron oxide and clay

    White chalk; calcite or calcium carbonate
  14. Liquid media

    Ink
    Very finely ground pigments suspended in water with a binder such as gum arabic to hold pigments to the surface.
  15. Liquid madia

    Techniques
    Pen and ink, brush and ink
  16. Drawing Materials
    Surfaces for drawing

    Dry media

    liquid media

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