Describe the different types of Personal Flotation Devices (PFD, or Life Jackets), their characteristics and benefits.
Type I - Offshore Lifejacket: Designed for extended survival in rough, open water. It usually will turn an unconscious person face up. 22 pounds of buoyancy.
Type II - Near Shore Buoyant Vest: For calm inland water where there is chance of fast rescue. Many will turn an unconscious person face-up in the water. 15.5 pounds of buoyancy.
Type III - Flotation Aid: For use in calm water where there is good chance of fast rescue. Will not right an unconscious person. 15.5 pounds of buoyancy.
- Type IV - Throwable Device: Designed to be thrown to a person in the water. Include boat cushions, ring buoys, and horseshoe buoys. Not designed to be worn and must be supplemented by wearable PFD. Do not count for PFDs. Keep immediately available for emergencies,
- and should not be used for small children, non-swimmers, or unconscious people.
Type V - Special Use Device: Include work vests, deck suits, and hybrids for restricted use. Hybrid vests contain some internal buoyancy and are inflatable to provide additional flotation. Manufactured before 1995 must be worn to count for PFD per person. After 1995 must be accesible only.