Chapter 1

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Mdoherty14
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112392
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Chapter 1
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2011-10-26 18:25:39
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  1. Deconditioned
    Lost physical fitness, muscle imbalances, dec flexibility, dec core/joint stability
  2. Proprioception
    A cumulative of neural input to CNS from mechanoreceptors that sense position/limb mvnt
  3. Proprioceptively Enriched Environment
    An unstable but controlled environment where exercises are preformed to get the body to use internal balance and stability mechanisms
  4. Phase of Training
    Small divisions of training programs that fall within the 3 building blocks of training
  5. Stabilization
    Ability of stabilizing muscles to provide support for joints and maintain posture and balance during movements
  6. Neuromuscular Efficiency
    Ability of the bodys nerves to send messages to the bodies muscles
  7. Prime Mover
    Main muscle of movement
  8. Rate of Force Production
    How quickly a muscle can generate force
  9. Superset
    A set of 2 exercises preformed back to back without rest
  10. Hypertrophy
    Goal is increase muscle, moerate reps, and heavy load
  11. Maximal Strength
    High loads low reps
  12. Strength Endurance
    Enhance stabilization strength and endurance while increasing prime mover strength
  13. Expalin differences between past, present, and future training trends
    Past people were more conditioned and active, now inc technology leads to dysfunction and inc injury, new mindset is focused on creating programs and adressing functional capacity as part of a safe program designed for each person
  14. Power Training
    Enhances prime mover strength while also improving the rate of force production (How quickly a muscle can generate force)
  15. Kinetic Chain
    The combination and interralation of hte nervous, skeletal and muscular systems
  16. Nervous system
    Cranial and spinal nerves that spread throughout the body and serve to relay info from bodily organs to the brain and from the brain to bodily organs
  17. Sensory function
    The ability of hte nervou ssystem to sense change in internal or external environments
  18. Integrative Function
    The ability of the nervous system to to analyze and interpret sensory information to allow for proper decision making, which produces the appropriate response
  19. Motor Function
    The neuromuscular response to sensory info
  20. Neuron
    The functional unit of the nervous system
  21. Sensory (Afferent) Neurons
    Neurons that transmit nerve impulses from effector sites to the brain or spinal cord
  22. Interneurons
    Neurons that transmit impluses from one neuron to another
  23. Motor (Efferent) Neurons
    Transmit nerve impulses from the brain or spinal cord to the effector sites
  24. CNS
    Brain and spinal cord, interprets information
  25. Peripheral Nervous System
    Crainal and spinal nerves that spread throughout the body and serve to relay information from bodily organs to the brain and from the brain to bodily organs
  26. Mechanoreceptors
    Sensory receptors that are responsible for sensiting distortion in bodily issues
  27. Joint Receptors
    Receptors sensitive to pressure, acceleration, and deceleration within the joint
  28. Golgi Tendon Organs
    Large groups of cells that form nerves, which profide a communication networks within the body
  29. Muscle Spindles
    Fibers sensitive to change in the length of the muscle and the rate of that change

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