Unit 4-4

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Unit 4-4
2011-10-26 22:48:06
AP Psych

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  1. Gestalt?
    Organized whole. Gestalt psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes
  2. Figure-ground?
    Organization of the visual field into objects (the figures) that stand out from their surroundings (the ground)
  3. Grouping?
    Perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups
  4. Depth perception?
    Ability to see objects in 3D although the images that strike the retina are 2D; allows us to judge distance
  5. Visual Cliff?
    Laboratory device for testing depth perception in infants and young animals
  6. Binocular cues?
    Depth cues, such as retinal disparity, that depend on the use of 2 eyes
  7. Retinal disparity?
    Binocular cue for perceiving depth; comparing images from the retinas in the two eyes, brain computes distance the greater the disparity (difference) between the 2 images, closer the object
  8. Monocular cues
    Depth cues, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone
  9. Phi phenomenon
    Illusion of movement created when 2 or more adjacent lights blink on and off in quick succession
  10. Perceptual constancy
    Perceiving objects as unchanging (having consistent shapes, size, lightness, and color) even as illumination and retinal images change