Matter

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Author:
HeatherE
ID:
112589
Filename:
Matter
Updated:
2011-10-28 10:57:47
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Matter Chemistry
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Description:
Matter Review
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  1. 1. The physical forms in which all matter naturally exists on Earth.
    States of Matter
  2. 2. A form of Matter that has its own definite shape and volume.
    Solid
  3. 3. A form of matter that flows, has constant volume, and takes the shape of its container.
    Liquid
  4. 4. A form of matter that not only flows to conform to the shape of its container but also fills the entire volume of its container.
    Gas
  5. 5. Refers to the gaseous state of a substance that is a solid or liquid at room temperature.
    Vapor
  6. 6. A characteristice that can be observed or measured without changing the sample's composition.
    Physical Property
  7. 7. A physical property that is DEPENDENT on the amount of substance present.
    Extensive Property
  8. 8. A physical property that is INDEPENDENT of the amount of substance present.
    Intensive Property
  9. 9. The ability of a substance to combine with or change into one or more other substances.
    Chemical Property
  10. 10. A change that alters a substance without changing its composition.
    Physical Change
  11. 11. A transition of matter from one state to another.
    Phase Change
  12. 12. A process that involves one or more substances changing into one or more new substances.
    Chemical Change
  13. 13. States that mass is neither created nor destroyed during a chemical reaction--it is conserved
    Law of Conservation of Mass
  14. 14. A combination of two or more substances in which each pure substance retains its individual chemical properties.
    Mixture
  15. 15. A mixture that does not blend smoothly throughout and in which the individual substances remain distinct.
    Heterogeneous Mixture
  16. 16. A mixture that has constant, uniform composition throughout; always has a single phase.
    Homogeneous Mixture
  17. 17. Another name for Homogeneous Mixture.
    Solution
  18. 18. A way of separating a solid from a liquid
    Filtration
  19. 19. A method of separating substances in a homogeneous mixture based on boiling points.
    Distillation
  20. 20. A separation technique that results in the formation of pure solid particles from a substance containing the dissolved substance.
    Crystallization
  21. 21. The process by which a solid changes directly to a vapor without melting.
    Sublimation
  22. 22. The technique that separates components of a mixture based on the ability of each component to travel or be drawn across the surface of another material.
    Chromatography
  23. 23. A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances by physical or chemical means.
    Element
  24. 24. This organizes the elements into a grid of horizontal rows and vertical columns.
    Periodic Table
  25. 25. A substance made up of two or more elements that are chemically combined.
    Compound

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