61 peds

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Author:
sanchez
ID:
112599
Filename:
61 peds
Updated:
2011-10-27 12:19:27
Tags:
respiratory
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Description:
respiratory
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  1. disorders of the respiratory system include
    • Upper-respiratory infections
    • Allergic rhinitis
    • Tonsillitis
    • Asthma
    • Foreign-body aspiration
  2. common upper respiratory tract infections:
    • nasopharygitis
    • pharyngitis
    • influenza
  3. most common childhood repiratory illness
    nasopharyngitis
  4. nursing management for upper respiratory infections
    • maintian fluid intake
    • provide comfort measures
    • prevent infections
    • do not force eating
  5. untreated strep can lead to ?
    • rheumatic fever
    • meningitis
    • glomerlunephritis

    *important to complete antibiotic therapy
  6. hay fever AKA
    allergic rhinitis
  7. inflammatory disorder of nasal mucosa that is seasonal
    allergic rhinitis
  8. allergic rhinits can be a response to ?
    • animal dander
    • dust
    • pollen
    • mold
  9. manifestation of rhinits
    • rhinorrhea
    • conjunctivits
    • sniffing
    • itching
    • allergic salute
  10. pharm management for allergic rhinitis
    • antihistamines
    • decongestants
    • bronchodilators
    • immunotherapy
    • desensitization
  11. a schedule of injections that are gradually increased to meet maintenance dose
    desensitization
  12. transverse nasal increase AKA
    allergic salute
  13. health promotion for allergic rhinitis
    • eliminate allergen
    • limit exposure
    • avoid wool
    • keep humidity lower than 50
    • use air filters
  14. nursing management of allergic rhinitis
    • assist with allergy proofing home
    • administering meds
  15. inflammation of both mass lymphoid tissue at back of mouth
    tonsillitis
  16. tonsillitis is a result of?
    pharygitis
  17. responsibility of tonsils
    protect respiratory and alimentary tract from infection
  18. if tonsils become enlarged it can effect?
    • breathing
    • swallowing
    • cause partial deafness
  19. manifestation of tonsillitis
    • recurrent sore throats
    • red tonsils
    • fever
    • nasal speech
    • snoring
    • diff swallowing
  20. nursing manageent for tonsilltis
    • cool cold clear liquids
    • analgesics
    • prone or side lying position
    • I&O

    AVOID: red or brown liquids; coughing or blowing nose to decrease spontaneous hemorrhage
  21. tonilectomy most obvious signs of bleeding
    • restlessness
    • anxiety
    • rapid pulse
    • frequent swallowing
  22. most reliable means to determine pharyngitis
    throat culture
  23. reactive airway disease, narowing of airway caused by stimuli (cold air, smoke, stress, exercise)
    asthma
  24. most comon admitting Dx adn schol absenteesism
    asthma
  25. manifestation of asthma
    • dry hacking cough
    • wheezing
    • difficult breathing
    • thick mucous coughed up
  26. how long do asthma attacks last
    min, hours, days
  27. asthmatics may need to be in ___ position
    upright
  28. repeat acute exacerbation looks like
    • barrel chest
    • use of accessory muscles
  29. med management for asthma
    • liminate allergen
    • exercise
    • s/s of attacks
    • use flowmeter
  30. pharm mgt for asthma
    • bronchodilator
    • corticosteroid
  31. asthma antiinflammatory drug
    • prednisone
    • cromolyn
  32. activity for child with asthma
    • do not automatically restrict activity
    • swimming is recommended
  33. inhlation of any object into resp. tract
    foreign body aspiration
  34. aspiration most common between __- and ____ age
    6 months - 4 years
  35. manifestation such as spasmadic coguh, resp distress, gagging, no fever can indicate
    foreign body aspiration
  36. med mgt for foregin body aspira.
    • removal of object by laryngoscopy/bronchoscopy
    • observe for edema/resp. distress
    • antibiotic therapy
  37. nurse mgt for foreign body aspiration
    prevention

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