61 peds

Card Set Information

Author:
sanchez
ID:
112617
Filename:
61 peds
Updated:
2011-10-27 12:59:19
Tags:
GI
Folders:

Description:
GI
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  1. frequent or difficult passage of stool most common on toddler or preschool years bc of toilet training
    constipation
  2. cause of constipation
    • lack of BRP
    • lack of fruit/vegs/grains/exercise
    • stress
    • too much milk
    • certain meds
  3. manifstation of constipation
    • abdominal pain
    • cramping
    • HA
    • malaise
    • anorexia
  4. med mgt of constipation
    • xray for enlarged stool and gas
    • enema for impaction
  5. pharm mgt for constipation
    • mineral oil
    • laxative/stool softener
  6. diet for constipation
    • water/fiber intake
    • decrease milk intake
  7. constipation health promotion
    • diet
    • exercise
    • toileting habits
  8. mineral should not be mistaken for
    encopresis (passage of watery colonic contens around hard fecal mass)
  9. intestinl parasitic infection most common in children
    • helminths (round/pin/ hookworms)
    • giardiasis (protozoan)
  10. med mgt for intestinl parasitic infection
    • fecal smear
    • cellophane for pinworm detection
  11. pharm mgt for helminth
    • antimynth
    • vermox

    • *repeat 2-3 weeks later
    • *treat all family members
  12. pharm mgt for giardiases
    • flagyl
    • hydrochloride
  13. diet for intestinl parasitic infection
    protein and iron
  14. intestinl parasitic infection health promotion
    sanitation

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