USHIST-SG-UNIT3

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carLORENZ0
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USHIST-SG-UNIT3
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2011-11-01 16:04:36
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US HISTORY STUDY GUIDE
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  1. What created an atmosphere of disillusionmnet and intolerance in the 1920s?
    the belief that disputes between nations can & should be settled peacefully.
  2. What were the differnt targets of the Ku Klux Klan?
    whose purpose is to protect the rights and further the interests of white Americans by violence and intimidation.
  3. What was Eugenics?
    scientific field, now discredited, advocating hereditary improvement of the human race by controlled selective breeding.
  4. What did the new morality glorify?
    The "new morality" of the 20's was evident by women in the workforce, birth control, the automobile, dancing and flimsy clothing.
  5. What were flappers?
    A young woman ; specifically : a young woman of the period of World War I and the following decade who showed freedom etc
  6. What was the main belief of the Fundamentalist movement?
    strict adherence to specific theological doctrines typically in reaction against Modernist theology.
  7. Who was John T. Scopes?
    a high school biology teacher charged with illegally teaching evolution. That led to the "Monkey Trial" in 1925
  8. What was the 18th amendment?
    made the production, sale and transportation of alcohol illegal
  9. What did the Volstead Act do?
    to enforce the Eighteenth Amendment, prohibiting the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
  10. Why did many artists and writers flock to Greenwich Village?
    Artists, writers, and intellectuals flocked to New York City's Greenwich Village and Chicago's south side during the 1920's due to the preponderance of vaudeville theaters in those locales.
  11. How did leisure time evolve in the 1920s?
    America had grown rich, consumerism increased dramatically, and Women were no longer seen as only housewives.
  12. What was the impact of the Great Migration?
    a long-term movement of African Americans from the South to the urban North, Chicago attracted slightly more than 500,000 African Americans who left the South.
  13. What was the Harlem Renaissance?
    a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished.
  14. What was the role of the NAACP?
    The NAACP is the nation's oldest civil rights organization. Founded in 1909,their goal is to see that all men are treated equally.
  15. What does the Ohio Gang refer to?
  16. What was the Teapot Dome scandal?
    a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
  17. Why did President Coolidge distance himself form the Harding Administration?
    Calvin Coolidge served as the 29th vice president of the United States from 1921 until his succession to the presidency in 1923 upon the sudden death of President Warren G. Harding.Untouched by the scandals of the Harding administration, Coolidge was elected president in his own right the following year. His policies were strongly pro-business.
  18. What was President Coolidge's philosophy of government?
    Coolidge demonstrated his determination to preserve the old moral and economic precepts amid the material prosperity.
  19. What was the impact of mass production and the assembly line?
    The assembly line led to Mass Production, which led to fewer labor costs, a faster rate of production, and lower costs for the US!
  20. What was Henry Ford's automobile philosophy?
    Henry Ford envisioned every American driving a car. He mass produced. He produced the same cars with the same color
  21. How did Ford set about to increase worker loyalty?
    Ford doubled the daily wage of his laborers which increased worker loyalty. In 1941 he was banned from negotiating labor contract.
  22. Why did union membership drop in the 1920s?
    This happened as a result of labor restrictions imposed during World War I. The government recognized unions and so they grew.
  23. What did Andrew Mellon and Herbert Hoover have in common?
    Andrew Mellon advised Herbert Hoover after the 1929 crash:Liquidate labor, stocks, farmers and real estate to purge the system!
  24. How did Andrew Mellon try to maintain prosperity?
    Andrew W. Mellon liked art, and as such he was the founder of the National Gallery of Art.
  25. What was Herbert Hoover's philosophy of cooperative individualism?
    He sought to make the Commerce Department a powerful service organization, empowered to forge cooperative voluntary partnerships between government and business.
  26. What did the Kellogg-Briand Pact attempt to do?
    was an international agreement not to use war as an instrument of national policy.
  27. What does buying stocks on the margin mean?
    Buying stocks using borrowed money from your broker is called buying stock on margin!
  28. What impact of the bull market of the late 1920s have on investors?
  29. What happens when a bank collapses?
    Sometimes a black hole is produced, but recent data suggests massive collapsing stars sometimes produce a neutron star instead.
  30. What contributed to the Great Depression?
    The depression was caused by a number of serious weaknesses in the economy. Although the 1920s appeared on the surface to be etc
  31. What were Hoovervilles?
    Hoovervilles where a crudely built camp put up usually on the edge of a town to house the dispossessed and destitute during ( etc
  32. Why did many "Okies" migrate to California?
    "Okies," masses of poor white families displaced by farm failure in Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas sought opportunities in the etc
  33. What was the role movies and radio played during the Great Depression?
    During the Depression, millions of Americans listened to their favorite show on the radio or went to the movies which gave the people entertainment and hope in some of the worst years of their lives.
  34. What was John Steinbeck's writing style?
    the author remains unfailingly attractive to readers of all ages and levels of sophistication
  35. Why did Hoover strongly oppose the federal government's participation in relief?
    Hoover maintained that voluntarism and individual effort would solve the country's economic woes.
  36. Who were the Bonus Army?
    6 years after World War I Congress enacted a bill that would reward veterans of the conflict a cash bonus, not until 1945 though.
  37. What was the purpose of the Reconstitution Finance Corporation?
    The RFC was established with the primary objective of providing liquidity to, and restoring confidence in the banking system.
  38. Anarchist
    person who believes that there should be no government.
  39. Blues
    styles of music evolving from African American spirituals and noted for its melancholy sound.
  40. Dust Bowl
    name given to the area of the southern Great Plains severely damaged by droughts and dusts storms during the 1930s.
  41. Immunity
    freedom from prosecution.
  42. Jazz
    American style of music that developed from ragtime and blues and which uses syncopated rythms and melodies.
  43. Henry Ford
    he American founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production.
  44. Marcus Garvey
    a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, Black nationalist, orator, and founder of the UNIA-ACL
  45. Public Works
    projects such as highways, parks, and libraries built with public fund for public use.
  46. Robert La Follette
    Wisconsin Senator Robert M. La Follette (R) delivered a keynote address to the convention to increase taxes
  47. Speakeasies
    a place where alcoholic beveragaes are sold illegally.

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